Revised Religious Fundamentalism Scale (RRF)

Altemeyer‚ B. & Hunsberger‚ B. (2004)
1. God has given humanity‚ a complete unfailing guide to happiness and salvation‚ which must be totally followed.
2. No single book of religious teachings contains all the intrinsic‚ fundamental truths about life.
3. The basic cause of evil in this world is Satan‚ who is still constantly and ferociously fighting against God.
4. It is more important to be a good person than to believe in God and the right religion.
5. There is a particular set of religious teachings in this world that are so true‚ you can’t go any “deeper” because they are the basic‚ bedrock message God has given humanity.
6. When you get right down to it‚ there are basically two kinds of people in the world: the righteous who will be rewarded by God; and the rest who will not.
7. Scriptures may contain general truths‚ but they should NOT be considered completely‚ literally true from beginning to end.
8. To lead the best‚ most meaningful life‚ one must belong to the one‚ fundamentally true religion.
9. “Satan” is just the name people give to their own bad impulses. There is really no such thing as a diabolical “Prince of Darkness” who tempts us.
10. Whenever science and sacred scripture conflict‚ science is probably right.
11. The fundamentals of God’s religion should never be tampered with‚ or compromised with others’ beliefs.
12. All of the religions in the world have flaws and wrong teachings. There is no perfectly true and right religion.
This instrument can be found on page 36 of Religious Anti-Gay Messages’ Effect on Attitudes toward Sexual and Religious Groups ‚ available online at:
–4 =very strongly disagree‚ –3=strongly disagree‚ –2= moderately disagree‚ –1=slightly disagree‚ +1=slightly agree‚ +2=moderately agree‚ +3=strongly agree‚ +4= very strongly agree‚ If you feel exactly and precisely neutral about an item‚ write down a “0” in the space provided
*Reverse coded items
Note: Code on a 1 to 9 scale (–4 = 1; –3 = 2; etc.).

Altemeyer‚ B.‚ & Hunsberger‚ B. (2004). A Revised Religious Fundamentalism Scale: The short and sweet of it. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion‚ 14‚ 47-54

Altemeyer‚ B. & Hunsberger‚ B. (1992). Authoritarianism‚ religious fundamentalism‚ quest and prejudice. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion‚ 2‚ 113-133.

Hester‚ Neil. 2012. Religious Anti-Gay Messages’ Effect on Attitudes toward Sexual and Religious Groups.