Gorsuch & McPherson‚ 1989
2. I go to church because it helps me to make friends. E+
3. It doesn’t much matter what I believe so long as I am good. I
4. It is important to me to spend time in private thought and prayer. I
5. I have often had a strong sense of God’s presence. I
6. I pray mainly to gain relief and protection. E
7. I try hard to live all my life according to my religious beliefs. I
8. What religion offers me most is comfort in times of trouble and sorrow. E
9. Prayer is peace and happiness. E
10. Although I am religious‚ I don’t let it affect my daily life. I+
11. I go to church mostly to spend time with my friends. E
12. My whole approach to life is based on my religion. I
13. I go to church mainly because I like seeing people I know there. E
14. Although I believe in my religion‚ many other things are more important. I+
“I” intrinsic religiosity
“E” extrinsic religiosity
I strongly disagree‚ I disagree‚ I’m not sure‚ I tend to agree‚ I strongly disagree
Gorsuch‚ R. L.‚ & Venable‚ G. D. (1983). Development of an Age Universal I-E Scale. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion‚ 22‚ 181-187.
Gorsuch‚ R. L.‚ & McPherson‚ S. E. (1989). Intrinsic/extrinsic measurement: I/E-Revised and single-item scales. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion‚ 28‚ 348-354.
Gorsuch‚ R. L. (1994). Toward Motivational Theories of Intrinsic Religious Commitment. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion‚ 33‚ 315-325.
Jones‚ Ann E. (2014). Moderating effect of religious orientation on the relationship between sexual self-discrepancies and guilt and anxiety. Indiana State University. master of Arts thesis.