General Scale of Parental Self-Efficacy Beliefs (GSPSEB)

1.    I have trouble getting my child to listen to me. *
2.    Despite my efforts‚ I find it hard to influence the way my child behaves. *
3.    Generally my children obey me and this pleases me.
4.    When my toddler tests the limits that I have set up‚ I find myself becoming extremely discouraged.*
5.    My child often behaves in a manner very different from the way I would want him/her to behave.*
6.    Sometimes I feel that I don’t have enough control over the direction my child’s life is taking.*
7.    When my child gets angry‚ I can usually deal with him or her if I stay calm.
8.    Playing is a part of my relationship with my child that I have very little difficulty with.
9.    I am able to get actively involved in playing with my child.
10.I am a fun playmate for my toddler.
11.I can always think of something to play with my child.
12.Sitting down regularly with my child to read or do some other one-on-one activity is not difficult for me.
13.My child feels much loved by me.
14.My toddler knows that I understand when his or her feelings are hurt.
15.I think that my child knows by my behavior how much I really adore him/her.
16.I am definitively an adequately nurturing parent.
17.I am able to sense when my child is starting to become distressed.
Instrumental Care
18.I am able to provide my child with a comfortable amount of daily structure.
19.I have been successful in getting my child to stick to a regular daily schedule.
20.I am not very good at getting my child to stick to a regular daily schedule. *
21.I don’t seem to be able to establish a regular bed time routine with my child. *
22.I feel like I have no control over my child’s daily habits (sleep habits‚ eating habits‚ …). *
23.I have some difficulty figuring out the appropriate level of instruction when I am trying to explain something to my child.*
24.Although I would like to help my child learn more about his or her surroundings‚ this is an area of parenting that I do not feel well-equipped for.*
25.I am probably not that great at teaching my child about the world. *
Parental Responsibility
26.My child’s behavior problems are no one’s fault but my own.
27.The misfortunes and success I have had as parent are the direct result of my own behavior.
28.Most children’s behavior problems would not have developed if their parents had had better parenting skills.
29.Children’s behavior problems are often due to mistakes their parents made.
Parental Control of Outcome
30.In every hard situation a parent experiences with his or her children‚ a good and a bad childrearing behaviour always exist.
31.Most parents do not imagine how the way their child develops is influenced by external and contextual events.
32.There is always a solution to cope with children’s problems.
33.The problems of taking care of a child are easy to solve once you know how your actions affect your child.
ma‎stery Motivation
34.Even if your child frequently tantrums‚ you should not give up.
35.If your child tantrums no matter what you try‚ you might as well give up. *
36.I am often too preoccupied with my own problems to keep up with my child’s changing emotions. *
37.Sometimes when I’m tired I let my children do things I normally wouldn’t.*
* For reversed coded
5= Strongly Agree‚ 4= Somewhat Agree‚ 3= Neutral‚ 2= Somewhat Disagree‚ 1= Strongly Disagree
This instrument can be found at: at:

Meunier‚ J. C. and Roskam‚ I. (2009). Self-efficacy beliefs amongst parents of young children: Validation of a self-report measure. Journal of Child and Family Studies‚ 18‚ 495–511

Meunier‚ J. C. and Roskam‚ I.‚ Browne‚ D.T. (2011). Relations between parenting and child behavior: Exploring the child’s personality and parental self-efficacy as third variables. International Journal of Behavioral Development‚ 35(3)‚ 246-259

Meunier & Roskam‚ (2009)General Scale of Parental Self-Efficacy Beliefs. In: Simmons C. A.‚ Lehmann P. (eds). Tools for strengths-based assessment and evaluation‚ New York‚ NY: Springer‚ pp. 420-422. (2013). Google Scholar