General Self-Efficacy Scale

  1. I can always manage to solve difficult problems if I try hard enough.
  2. If someone opposes me‚ I can find the means and ways to get what I want.
  3. It is easy for me to stick to my aims and accomplish my goals.
  4. I am confident that I could deal efficiently with unexpected events.
  5. Thanks to my resourcefulness‚ I know how to handle unforeseen situations.
  6. I can solve most problems if I invest the necessary effort.
  7. I can remain calm when facing difficulties because I can rely on my coping abilities.
  8. When I am confronted with a problem‚ I can usually find several solutions.
  9. If I am in trouble‚ I can usually think of a solution.
  10. I can usually handle whatever comes my way.


Ellie Nezami‚ Ralf Schwarzer & Matthias Jerusalem‚ 1996

This instrument can be found online at:


1 = Not at all true; 2 = Hardly true; 3 = Moderately true; 4 = Exactly true


Schwarzer‚ R.‚ & Jerusalem‚ M. (1995). General perceived self-efficacy. In J. Weinmanr‚ S.W. &  M.Johnston (eds.)‚ Measures in health Psychology: A User’s Portfolio. England: NFER-Nelson.

Schwarzer‚ R. (1992). Self-efficacy: Thought control in action. Washington‚ D.C: Hemisphere.

Rajabi‚ Gh. R. (2006). An investigation into thereliability and validity of General Self Efficacy Scale-10. The Journal of Modern Thoughts in Education‚ 2‚111-122.(Persian).