Doping Use Belief (DUB)

Doping Believe
1.    Do you believe that performance-enhancing drugs/methods should be allowed for top level athletes?
Yes‚ without restrictions (2)‚ Yes‚ but with restrictions (1)‚ Absolutely not (0)
2.    Do you believe that performance-enhancing drugs/methods should be allowed for all athletes?
Yes‚ without restrictions (2)‚ Yes‚ but with restrictions (1)‚ Absolutely not (0)
Doping Behavior
1.    Have you ever had personal experience with banned performance-enhancing drugs and/or methods?
Yes (3)‚ Yes‚ but only for treating a medical condition (2)‚ No (0)‚ I do not wish to answer (1)
2.    Do you currently use banned performance-enhancing drugs?
Yes (3)‚ Yes‚ but only for treating a medical condition (2)‚ No (0)‚ I do not wish to answer (1)
 
1= Strongly disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Slightly disagree‚ 4= Slightly agree‚ 5= Agree‚ 6=Strongly agree
 
 

Petroczi‚ A. (2006). Measuring attitude toward doping: Further evidence for the psychometric properties of the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale. 14th Congress of the European Association for Sport Management. Nicosia‚ Cyprus. September 2006.

Petróczi‚ Andrea.‚ Aidman‚ Eugene. (2009). Measuring explicit attitude toward doping: Review of the psychometric properties of the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale. Psychology of Sport and Exercise‚ 10(3)‚ 390–396.

Petróczi‚ Andrea. (2007). Attitudes and doping: a structural equation analysis of the relationship between athletes’ attitudes‚ sport orientation and doping behavior. Substance Abuse Treatment‚ Prevention‚ and Policy‚ 2:34. DOI: 10.1186/1747-597X-2-34

Manouchehri ‚Jasem and Tojari‚Farshad. (2013). Development and validation of instruments to measure doping attitudes and doping beliefs. European Journal of Experimental Biology‚ 3(2):183-186