Child-Parent Relationship Scale

Long form
1.    I share an affectionate‚ warm relationship with my child.
2.    My child and I always seem to be struggling with each other.
3.    If upset‚ my child will seek comfort from me.
4.    My child is uncomfortable with physical affection or touch from me.
5.    My child values his/her relationship with me.
6.    My child appears hurt or embarrassed when I correct him/her.
7.    My child does not want to accept help when he/she needs it.
8.    When I praise my child‚ he/she beams with pride.
9.    My child reacts strongly to separation from me.
10.My child spontaneously shares information about himself/herself.
11.My child is overly dependent on me.
12.My child easily becomes angry at me.
13.My child tries to please me.
14.My child feels that I treat him/her unfairly.
15.My child asks for my help when he/she really does not need help.
16.It is easy to be in tune with what my child is feeling.
17.My child sees me as a source of punishment and criticism.
18.My child expresses hurt or jealousy when I spend time with other children.
19.My child remains angry or is resistant after being disciplined.
20.When my child is misbeha‎ving‚ he/she responds to my look or tone of voice.
21.Dealing with my child drains my energy.
22.I’ve noticed my child copying my behavior or ways of doing things.
23.When my child is in a bad mood‚ I know we’re in for a long and difficult day.
24.My child’s feelings toward me can be unpredictable or can change suddenly.
25.Despite my best efforts‚ I’m uncomfortable with how my child and I get along.
26.I often think about my child when at work.
27.My child whines or cries when he/she wants something from me.
28.My child is sneaky or manipulative with me.
29.My child openly shares his/her feelings and experiences with me.
30.My interactions with my child make me feel effective and confident as a parent.
 
SHORT FORM
1.     I share an affectionate‚ warm relationship with my child.
2.    My child and I always seem to be struggling with each other.
3.    If upset‚ my child will seek comfort from me.
4.    My child is uncomfortable with physical affection or touch from me.
5.    My child values his/her relationship with me.
6.    When I praise my child‚ he/she beams with pride.
7.    My child spontaneously shares information about himself/herself.
8.    My child easily becomes angry at me.
9.    It is easy to be in tune with what my child is feeling.
10.My child remains angry or is resistant after being disciplined.
11.Dealing with my child drains my energy.
12.When my child is in a bad mood‚ I know we’re in for a long and difficult day.
13.My child’s feelings toward me can be unpredictable or can change suddenly.
14.My child is sneaky or manipulative with me.
15.My child openly shares his/her feelings and experiences with me.
 
 
Long form: Conflicts (alpha = .83)‚ Positive aspects of relationship (alpha = .72)‚ Dependence (alpha = .50)
Short form: Conflicts (alpha = .83)‚ Closeness (alpha = .72)
 
1 (definitely does not apply)‚ 2 (not really)‚ 3 (neutral‚ not sure)‚ 4 (applies somewhat)‚ and 5 (definitely applies).
Long form: Conflicts (items 2‚ 12‚ 14‚ 17‚ 18‚ 19‚ 21‚ 23‚ 24‚ 25‚ 27 and 28)‚ Positive aspects of relationship (items 1‚ 3‚ 5‚ 8‚ 10‚ 13‚ 16‚ 22‚ 29 and 30)‚ Dependence (items 6‚ 9‚ 11 and 26)
Short form: Conflicts (items 2‚ 4‚ 8‚ 10‚ 11‚ 12‚ 13 and 14)‚ Closeness (items 1‚ 3‚ 5‚ 6‚ 7‚ 9‚ and 15)
 
 

Pianta‚ R. C.‚ Smith‚ N.‚ & Reeve‚ R. (1991). Observing mother and child behavior in a problem-solving situation at school entry: Relations with classroom adjustment. School Psychology Quarterly‚ 6‚ 1-16.

Pianta‚ R.C. (1992). Child-parent relationship scale. Unpublished measure‚ University of Virginia.

Pianta‚ R.C. (1994). Patterns of relationships between children and kindergarten teachers. Journal of School Psychology‚ 32‚ 15-31.

Pianta‚ R. C. (1997). Adult-child relationship processes and early schooling. Early Education and Development‚ 8‚ 11-26.

Pianta‚ R.C.‚ Nimetz‚ S.L.‚ & Bennett‚ E. (1997). Mother-child relationships‚ teacher-child relationships‚ and school outcomes in preschool and kindergarten. Early Childhood Research Quarterly‚ 12‚ 263-280.

Pianta‚ R.C. (2001). Implications of a developmental systems model for preventing and treating behavioral disturbances in children and adolescents. In Graziano‚ R.A.‚ Keane‚ S.P.‚ & Calkins‚ S.D. (2007). The role of emotion regulation in children’s early academic success. Journal of School Psychology‚ 45‚ 3-19.

Button‚ S.‚ Pianta‚ R. C.‚ & Marvin‚ R.S. (2001). Mothers’ representations of relationships with their children: Relations with parenting behavior‚ mother ch‎aracteristics‚ and child disability status. Social Development‚ 10‚ 455-472.

Driscoll‚ Kate & Pianta‚ Robert C. (2011). Mothers’ and Fathers’ Perceptions of Conflict and Closeness in Parent-Child Relationships during Early Childhood. Journal of Early Childhood and Infant Psychology‚ 7

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