1. The coach wants me to try new skills
2. The coach gets mad when I make a mistake
3. The coach gives most of his or her attention to the stars
4. Every athlete contributes in some important way
5. The coach believes that all of us are crucial to the success of the team/squad
6. The coach praises athletes only when they outplay their team-mates
7. The coach thinks only the starters contribute to the success of the team/squad
8. Athletes feel good when they try their best
9. Athletes are taken out of a game for making mistakes
10.Athletes at all skill levels have an important role on the team /squad
11.Athletes help each other learn
12.Athletes are encouraged to outplay others
13.The coach has his or her own favourites
14.The coach makes sure athletes improve on skills they’re not good at
15.The coach yells at athletes for messing up
16.Athletes feel successful when they improve
17.Only the athletes with the best ‘stats’ get praise
18.Athletes are punished when they make a mistake
19.Each athlete has an important role
20.Trying hard gets rewarded
21.The coach encourages athletes to help each other
22.The coach makes it clear who he or she thinks are the best athletes
23.Athletes are ‘psyched’ when they do better than their team-mates/squad members in a competition
24.If you want to play in a game you must be one of the best athletes
25.The coach emphasises always trying your best
26.Only the top athletes ‘get noticed’ by the coach
27.Athletes are afraid to make mistakes
28.Athletes are encouraged to work on their weaknesses
29.The coach favours some athletes more than others
30.The focus is to improve each game/practice
31.The squad really ‘works together’ as a team
32.Each athlete feels as if they are an important team/squad member
33.The athletes help each other to get better and excel
1. On this team‚ the coach wants us to try new skills.
2. On this team‚ the coach gets mad when a player makes a mistake.
3. On this team‚ the coach gives most of his or her attention to the stars.
4. On this team‚ each player contributes in some important way.
5. On this team‚ the coach believes that all of us are crucial to the success of the team.
6. On this team‚ the coach praises players only when they outplay team-mates.
7. On this team‚ the coach thinks only the starters contribute to the success of the team.
8. On this team‚ players feel good when they try their best.
9. On this team‚ players are taken out of a game for mistakes.
10.On this team‚ players at all skill levels have an important role on the team.
11.On this team‚ players help each other learn.
12.On this team‚ players are encouraged to outplay the other players.
13.On this team‚ the coach has his or her own favorites.
14.On this team‚ the coach makes sure players improve on skills they are not good at.
15.On this team‚ the coach yells at players for messing up.
16.On this team‚ players feel successful when they improve.
17.On this team‚ only the players with the best “stats” get praise.
18.On this team‚ players are punished when they make a mistake.
19.On this team‚ each player has an important role.
20.On this team‚ trying hard is rewarded.
21.On this team‚ the coach encourages players to help each other.
22.On this team‚ the coach makes it clear who he or she thinks are the best players.
23.On this team‚ players are “psyched” when they do better than their team-mates in a game.
24.On this team‚ if you want to play in a game you must be one of the best players.
25.On this team‚ the coach emphasizes always trying your best.
26.On this team‚ only the top players “get noticed” by the coach.
27.On this team‚ players are afraid to make mistakes.
28.On this team‚ players are encouraged to work on their weaknesses.
29.On this team‚ the coach favours some players more than others.
30.On this team‚ the focus is to improve each game/practice.
31.On this team‚ the players really “work together”
32.On this team‚ each player feels as if they are an important team member.
33.On this team‚ the players help each other to get better and excel.
Task-Involving and Ego-Involving climates
Task-Involving climates (alpha 0.88) and Ego-Involving climates (0.87)
5 point Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree‚ 5 = strongly agree).
This instrument can be found at: http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/webclient/StreamGate?folder_id=0&dvs=1489389717424master402 & http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/19312/1/UCD_Research_The_Development_and_Validation_of_a_Doping_Scale.pdf
Seifriz‚ J.‚ Duda‚ J.L.‚& Chi. L. (1992). The relationship of perceived motivational climate to achievement-related affect and cognitions in basketball. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. 14‚ 375-391.
Walling‚ Mary D.‚ Duda‚ Joan L.‚ and Chi‚ Likang. (1993). The Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire: Construct and Predictive Validity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology‚ 15‚ 172-183
Newton‚ M.‚ Duda‚ J. L.‚ & Yin‚ Z. (2000). Examination of the psychometric properties of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 in a sample of female athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences‚ 18(4)‚ 275-290.