Perceived Environmental Supportiveness Scale (PESS)

My exercise instructor(s) ….
1.    Take into account my individual needs
2.    Give me good advice
3.    Make time for me even though they are busy
4.    Provide a range of activities
5.    Make clear to me what I need to do to get results
6.    Make me feel like I matter to them
7.    Provide me with choices and options
8.    Make clear what to expect from engaging in the activities
9.    Are concerned about my wellbeing
10.Encourage me to take my own initiative
11.Give me exercises that are suited to my level
12.Look after me well
13.Consider my personal needs
14.Help me to feel confident about exercising
15.Care about me
 
autonomy support‚ structure and involvement
 
1 = “Strongly disagree” to 7 = “Strongly agree”
Autonomy Support (items: 1‚        4‚ 7‚ 10‚ and 13)‚ Structure (items: 2‚ 5‚ 8‚ 11‚ and 14)‚ Involvement (items: 3‚ 6‚ 9‚ 12‚ and 15)
 
 

Edmunds‚ J‚ Ntoumanis‚ N‚ & Duda‚ J.L. (2007). Testing a self-determination theory-based teaching style intervention in the exercise domain. European Journal of Social Psychology‚ 37‚ 1-14.

Markland‚ D. & Tobin‚ V.J. (2010). Need support and behavioural regulations for exercise among exercise referral scheme clients: The mediating role of psychological need satisfaction.Psychology of Sport and Exercise‚ 11‚ 91-99. full text (pdf) For personal use only

Pope‚ J.P. & Wilson‚ P.M. (2012). Understanding motivational processes in university rugby players: A preliminary test of the hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation at the contextual level. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching‚ 7‚ 89-108.

Williams‚ G.C.‚ Grow‚ V.M.‚ Freedman‚ Z.R.‚ Ryan‚ R.M.‚ & Deci. E.L.(1996). Motivational predictors of weight loss and weight-loss maintenance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 70‚ 115-126.