Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ)

Background:

Athletes experience multitudinous emotions in sport settings (Hanin, 2000; Lazarus, 2000). Increasingly, research efforts are concerned with the prevalence of emotions and relationships between emotions and performance rely on the availability of valid measures. The Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ) represents a sport-specific tool of pre-competitive emotion comprising items grounded in the experience of athletes.

Psychometrics:

Validation tests, including face, content, factorial, and concurrent validity has been conducted (see Jones et al., 2005).

Author of Tool:

Marc V. Jones, Andrew M. Lane, Steven R. Bray, Mark Uphill, James Catlin

Key references:

Jones, M. V., Lane, A. M., Bray, S. R., Uphill, M., & Catlin, J. (2005). Development and validation of the sport emotion questionnaire. Journal of Sports and Exercise Psychology, 27, 407-431

Primary use / Purpose:

The Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ) is a sport-specific measure of precompetitive emotion to assess anger, anxiety, dejection, excitement, and happiness. The SEQ has also been employed successfully to evaluate recalled emotions in a sport setting (Vast, Young, & Thomas,2010)

SPORT EMOTION QUESTIONNAIRE

Below you will find a list of words that describe a range of feelings that sport performers may experience.  Please read each one carefully and indicate on the scale next to each item how you feel right now, at this moment, in relation to the upcoming competition.  There are no right or wrong answers.  Do not spend too much time on any one item, but choose the answer which best describes your feelings right now in relation to the upcoming competition.

Not at all A little Moderately Quite a bit Extremely
Uneasy 0 1 2 3 4
Upset 0 1 2 3 4
Exhilarated 0 1 2 3 4
Irritated 0 1 2 3 4
Pleased 0 1 2 3 4
Tense 0 1 2 3 4
Sad 0 1 2 3 4
Excited 0 1 2 3 4
Furious 0 1 2 3 4
Joyful 0 1 2 3 4
Nervous 0 1 2 3 4
Unhappy 0 1 2 3 4
Enthusiastic 0 1 2 3 4
Annoyed 0 1 2 3 4
Cheerful 0 1 2 3 4
Apprehensive 0 1 2 3 4
Disappointed 0 1 2 3 4
Angry 0 1 2 3 4
Energetic 0 1 2 3 4
Happy 0 1 2 3 4
Anxious 0 1 2 3 4
Dejected 0 1 2 3 4

Scoring Instructions:

Anxiety = (uneasy + tense + nervous + apprehensive + anxious)/5

Dejection = (upset + sad + unhappy + disappointed + dejected)/5

Excitement = (exhilarated + excited + enthusiastic + energetic)/4

Anger = (irritated + furious + annoyed + angry)/4

Happiness = (pleased + joyful + cheerful + happy)/4

The response stem can be changed to refer to current or previous competition as required although the SEQ has only been currently validated for pre-competition use.