Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ)

Background:

Athletes experience multitudinous emotions in sport settings (Hanin, 2000; Lazarus, 2000). Increasingly, research efforts are concerned with the prevalence of emotions and relationships between emotions and performance rely on the availability of valid measures. The Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ) represents a sport-specific tool of pre-competitive emotion comprising items grounded in the experience of athletes.

Psychometrics:

Validation tests, including face, content, factorial, and concurrent validity has been conducted (see Jones et al., 2005).

Author of Tool:

Marc V. Jones, Andrew M. Lane, Steven R. Bray, Mark Uphill, James Catlin

Key references:

Jones, M. V., Lane, A. M., Bray, S. R., Uphill, M., & Catlin, J. (2005). Development and validation of the sport emotion questionnaire. Journal of Sports and Exercise Psychology, 27, 407-431

Primary use / Purpose:

The Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ) is a sport-specific measure of precompetitive emotion to assess anger, anxiety, dejection, excitement, and happiness. The SEQ has also been employed successfully to evaluate recalled emotions in a sport setting (Vast, Young, & Thomas,2010)

SPORT EMOTION QUESTIONNAIRE

Below you will find a list of words that describe a range of feelings that sport performers may experience.  Please read each one carefully and indicate on the scale next to each item how you feel right now, at this moment, in relation to the upcoming competition.  There are no right or wrong answers.  Do not spend too much time on any one item, but choose the answer which best describes your feelings right now in relation to the upcoming competition.

Not at allA littleModeratelyQuite a bitExtremely
Uneasy01234
Upset01234
Exhilarated01234
Irritated01234
Pleased01234
Tense01234
Sad01234
Excited01234
Furious01234
Joyful01234
Nervous01234
Unhappy01234
Enthusiastic01234
Annoyed01234
Cheerful01234
Apprehensive01234
Disappointed01234
Angry01234
Energetic01234
Happy01234
Anxious01234
Dejected01234

Scoring Instructions:

Anxiety = (uneasy + tense + nervous + apprehensive + anxious)/5

Dejection = (upset + sad + unhappy + disappointed + dejected)/5

Excitement = (exhilarated + excited + enthusiastic + energetic)/4

Anger = (irritated + furious + annoyed + angry)/4

Happiness = (pleased + joyful + cheerful + happy)/4

The response stem can be changed to refer to current or previous competition as required although the SEQ has only been currently validated for pre-competition use.