Perceived Injustice scale


This measure, (Perceived Injustice scale) developed by Hodson, Creighton, Jamison, Rieble, and Welsh (1994), describes the extent to which employees perceive their employer treats them unfairly. The measure asks employees to describe the extent of injustice using four specific questions rather than generalized eval­ uations of injustice at their workplaces. The measure was originally devel­oped to investigate the impact of modern forms of incorporating workers in the labor process on employee solidarity and resistance.


Coefficient alpha was .70. The items were factor analyzed with four other items measuring workplace solidarity of employees. The four items assess­ing perceived injustice loaded on a single factor with no significant cross­ loadings (Hodson et al., 1994).


In multivariate regression, perceived injustice was related positively to workplace participation, working in a physically demanding job, and working in a larger organization. Perceived injustice was negatively related with being married, being in a higher socioeconomic status, having more bureau­cratic procedures, and having more solidarity.


Hodson, R., Creighton, S., Jamison, C. S., Rieble, S., & Welsh, S. (1994). Loyalty to whom? Workplace participation and the development of con­ sent. Human Relations, 47(8), 895-909. Items were taken from text, p. 905. © Sage Ltd. Reprinted with permission.


Responses are obtained using a 4-point Likert-type scale where 4 = strongly agree, 3 = somewhat agree, 2 = somewhat disagree, and 1 = strongly disagree.

  1. Some people at my workplace receive special treatment because they are friendly with supervisors
  2. People at my workplace sometimes get credit for doing more than they actually do
  3. People at my workplace sometimes put off finishing tasks so that they do not get assigned additional work
  4. The work in my department is often more difficult than it needs to be because people in other departments do not do their jobs the best they could

This content is licensed under a CC-BY license. The CC-BY licenses grant rights of use the scales in your studies (the measurement instrument and its documentation), but do not replace copyright. This remains with the copyright holder, and you have to cite us as the source.

Mohammed Looti, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (2023) Perceived Injustice scale. Retrieved from DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31575.96163