Discipline Effectiveness Subscale
1. In the past 30 days‚ how often was the discipline you used effective for your son/daughter? Did it work?
2. In the past 30 days‚ if your son/daughter was punished‚ did the punishment work?
3. In the past 30 days‚ if you punished ______‚ how often did his/her behavior get worse?
4. In the past 30 days‚ when you were by yourself‚ how often did you have much difficulty controlling _______?
5. In the past 30 days‚ when other adults were present‚ how often did you have much difficulty controlling _________?
Monitoring and Involvement Subscale
1. When was the last time that you talked with a parent about what you were going to do for the coming day?
2. How often does a parent talk to you about what you are going to do for the coming day?
3. When was the last time that you talked with a parent about what you had actually done during the day?
4. How often does a parent talk with you about what you had actually done during the day?
5. In the past 30 days‚ how often did you help with family fun activities?
6. In the past 30 days‚ how often did you like to get involved in family activities?
7. In the past 30 days‚ how often did a parent have time to listen to you when you wanted to talk with one of them?
8. In the past 30 days‚ how often did you and a parent do things together at home?
9. In the past 30 days‚ how often did you go with members of the family to movies‚ sports events‚ or other outings?
10. In the past 30 days‚ how often did you have a friendly talk with a parent?
11. In the past 30 days‚ how often did you help with chores‚ errands and/or other work around the house?
12. In the past 30 days‚ how often did a parent talk with you about how you are doing in school?
Positive Parenting Subscale
1. How often did one of them give you a wink or a smile?
2. How often did one of them say something nice about you; praise or approval?
3. How often did one of them give you a hug‚ pat on the back‚ or kiss for it?
4. How often did one of them give you some reward for it‚ like a present‚ extra allowance or something special to eat?
5. How often did one of them give you some special privilege such as staying up late‚ watching TV‚ or doing some special activity?
6. How often did one of them do something special together with you‚ such as going to the movies‚ playing a game or going somewhere special?
• Discipline Effectiveness: .77 (parent)
• Monitoring and Involvement: .80 (parent and child)
• Positive Parenting: .78 (parent)‚ .81 (child)
Questions 1 and 3:
1 = Don't know
2 = More than 30 days ago
3 = Within last 30 days‚ but not within the last week
4 = Within the last week‚ but not yesterday or today
5 = Yesterday/today
Questions 2 and 4:
1 = Don't know
2 = Less than once a month
3 = Within the last 30 days‚ but less than once per week
4 = At least once this week‚ but less than once per day
5 = Every day or almost every day
Questions 7 to 14:
1 = Hardly ever
3 = Sometimes
5 = Often
Positive Parenting Scale and Discipline Effectiveness:
1 = Almost never
3 = Sometimes
5 = Almost always
• Discipline Effectiveness: Mean of 5 items. Higher scores indicate greater belief in the effectiveness of discipline methods.
• Monitoring and Involvement: Mean of 12 items‚ none were reversed scored. Higher scores indicate greater parental involvement withchildren.
• Positive Parenting: Mean of 6 items. Higher scores indicate that parents are more likely to use positive supportive words and actions in relating to children
Gorman-Smith‚ D.‚ Tolan‚ P. H.‚ Zelli‚ A.‚ & Huesmann‚ l. R. (1996). The relation of family functioning to violence among inner-city minority youth. Journal of Family Psychology‚ 10‚ 101-116.
Loeber‚ R.‚ Farrington‚ D.‚ Stouthamer-Loeber‚ M.‚ & VanHammen‚ W. (1989). Antisocial Behavior and Mental Health Problems: Explanatory Factors in Childhood and Adolescence. NIMH Grant Proposal.
Miller-Johnson‚ S.‚ Sullivan‚ T. N.‚ & Simon‚ T. R. (2004). Evaluating the impact of interventions in the Multisite Violence Prevention Study: Samples‚ procedures‚ and measures. American Journal of Preventive Medicine‚ 26(1)‚ 48-61.
Tolan‚ P.H.‚ Gorman-Smith‚ D.‚ & Henry‚ D. (1996). Predatory and relationship violence of inner-city youth. Grant Proposal‚ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Tolan‚ P. H.‚ Gorman-Smith‚ D.‚ & Henry‚ D. (2000). Final report of the SAFECHildren Project. Technical Report‚ Institute for Juvenile Research‚ University of Illinois at Chicago: Author.