The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ-SF)

Background:

Poor quality parenting has been linked to a number of adverse behavioral outcomes. Many interventions which aim to alleviate these outcomes focus on improving key aspects the the parents’ behavioral practices. Therefore, there is a need for tools which can quickly, easily and accurately measure parental styles. The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire- Short Form (APQ-SF) does this by measuring aspects of positive parenting, inconsistent discipline and poor supervision.

Psychometrics:

The psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire- Short Form (APQ-SF) are outlined in Elgar, Waschbusch, Dadds, & Sigvaldason (2007).

Author of Tool:

Elgar, F. J., Waschbusch, D. A., Dadds, M. R., & Sigvaldason, N.

Key references:

Elgar, F. J., Waschbusch, D. A., Dadds, M. R., & Sigvaldason, N. (2007). Development and Validation of a Short Form of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16(2), 243-259. DOI: 10.1007/s10826-006-9082-5

Hawes, D. J., Dadds, M. R., Frost, A. D. J., & Hasking, P. A. (2011).  Do Childhood Callous-Unemotional Traits Drive Change in Parenting Practices? Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 40(4), 507-518.

Primary use / Purpose:

The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire- Short Form (APQ-SF) is a 9-item measure of parenting style. Its items are based around the three main structures of the parent (APQ) scale: positive parenting, inconsistent discipline and poor supervision. The APQ-SF can be used by anyone wishing to measure parental practices in regard to disruptive behaviour.

The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ-SF)

Instructions: The following are a number of statements about your family. Please rate each item as to how often it typically occurs in your home. Possible answers are: Never (1), Almost Never (2), Sometimes (3), Often (4), Always (5). Please answer all items

  • 1. You let your child know when he/she is doing a good job with something
  • 2. You threaten to punish your child and then do not actually punish him/her
  • 3. Your child fails to leave a note or to let you where he/she is going
  • 4. Your child talks you out of being punished after he/she has done something wrong
  • 5. Your child stays out in the evening after the time he/she is supposed to be home
  • 6. You compliment your child after he/she has done something well
  • 7. You praise your child if he/she behaves well
  • 8. Your child is out with friends you don’t know
  • 9. You let your child out of a punishment early (like lift restrictions earlier than you originally said)