01. You have a friendly talk with your child.
02. You let your child know when he/she is doing a good job with something.
03. You threatened to punish your child and then do not actually punish him/her.
04. You volunteer to help with special activities that your child is involved in (e.g.‚ sports‚ Boy/Girl Scouts‚ church youth groups).
05. You reward or give something extra to your child for obeying you or behaving well.
06. Your child fails to leave a note or to let you know where he/she is going.
07. You play games or do other fun things with your child.
08. Your child talks you out of being punished after he/she has done something wrong.
09. You ask your child about his/her day in school.
10. Your child stays out in the evening past the time he/she is supposed to be home.
11. You help your child with his/her homework.
12. You feel that getting your child to obey you is more trouble than it’s worth.
13. You compliment your child when he/she does something well.
14. You ask your child what his/her plans are for the coming day.
15. You drive your child to a special activity.
16. You praise your child if he/she behaves well.
17. Your child is out with friends you do not know.
18. You hug or kiss your child when he/she has done something well.
19. Your child goes out without a set time to be home.
20. You talk to your child about his/her friends.
21. Your child is out after dark without an adult with him/her.
22. You let your child out of a punishment early (e.g.‚ lift restrictions earlier than you originally said).
23. Your child helps plan family activities.
24. You get so busy that you forget where your child is and what he/she is doing.
25. Your child is not punished when he/she has done something wrong.
26. You attend PTA meetings‚ parent/teacher conferences‚ or other meetings at your child’s school.
27. You tell your child that you like it when he/she helps around the house.
28. You don’t check that your child comes home from school when he/she is supposed to.
29. You don’t tell your child where you are going.
30. Your child comes home from school more than an hour past the time you expect him/her.
31. The punishment you give your child depends on your mood.
32. Your child is at home without adult supervision.
33. You spank your child with your hand when he/she has done something wrong.
34. You ignore your child when he/she is misbehaving.
35. You slap your child when he/she has done something wrong.
36. You take away privileges or money from your child as punishment.
37. You send your child to his/her room as punishment.
38. You hit your child with a belt‚ switch‚ or other object when he/she has done something wrong.
39. You yell or scream at your child when he/she has done something wrong.
40. You calmly explain to your child why his/her behavior was wrong when he/she misbehaves.
41. You use time out (make him/her sit or stand in corner) as a punishment.
42. You give your child extra chores as a punishment.
Positive Parenting 0.80
Poor Monitoring/Supervision 0.67
Inconsistent Discipline 0.67
Corporal Punishment 0.46
Point values are assigned as follows:
1 = Never
2 = Almost Never
3 = Sometimes
4 = Often
5 = Always
Scale scores were derived by taking the average frequencies of behaviors in a 3-day interval on 4 interviews.
Shelton‚ K. K.‚ Frick‚ P. J.‚ & Wootton‚ J. (1996). Assessment of parenting practices in families of elementary school-age children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology‚ 25(3)‚ 317-329.
Frick‚ P.J.‚ Christian‚ R.E.‚ & Wootton‚ J.M. (1999). Age trends in the association between parenting practices and conduct problems. Behavior Modification‚ 23(1)‚ 106-128.