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The Authoritative Parenting Index (API) is a 16-item self-report questionnaire that measures authoritative parenting behavior. Authoritative parenting is a parenting style that is characterized by high levels of both demandingness and responsiveness. Demanding parents set clear expectations for their children’s behavior and enforce those expectations consistently. Responsive parents are warm, supportive, and responsive to their children’s needs.
The API has good internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and interrater reliability. Internal consistency refers to the extent to which the items on a scale measure the same construct. Test-retest reliability refers to the extent to which a scale measures the same construct over time. Interrater reliability refers to the extent to which different raters agree on how a person scores on a scale.
The API has good construct validity, concurrent validity, and predictive validity. Construct validity refers to the extent to which a scale measures the construct that it is intended to measure. Concurrent validity refers to the extent to which a scale correlates with other measures of the same construct. Predictive validity refers to the extent to which a scale can predict future outcomes.
The API has been shown to be a valid measure of authoritative parenting behavior. It has been shown to correlate with other measures of authoritative parenting, such as the Parenting Styles Questionnaire (PSQ) and the Iowa Parenting Style Scale (IPSS). The API has also been shown to predict positive outcomes for children, such as high self-esteem, good academic achievement, and prosocial behavior.
The API is a useful tool for assessing authoritative parenting behavior in a variety of settings, including clinical, research, and educational settings. It can be used to diagnose parenting problems, assess the effectiveness of parenting interventions, and track changes in parenting behavior over time. The API can also be used to develop parenting interventions that promote authoritative parenting.
Authoritative Parenting Index (API)
Jackson C‚ Henriksen L‚ Foshee VA. The authoritative parenting index: predicting health risk behaviors among children and adolescents. Health Education & Behavior 1998;25(3):321-339..