UCLA PTSD Reaction Index
University of California at Los Angeles Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index
Pynoos‚ Rodgriguez‚ Steinberg‚ Stuber‚ & Frederick‚ 1998
HOW MUCH OF THE TIME DURING THE PAST MONTH
1. I watch out for danger or things that I am afraid of.
2. When something reminds me of what happened‚ I get very upset‚ afraid‚ or sad.
3. I have upsetting thoughts‚ pictures‚ or sounds of what happened come into my mind when I do not want them to.
4. I feel grouchy‚ angry‚ or mad.
5. I have dreams about what happened or other bad dreams.
6. I feel like I am back at the time when the bad thing happened‚ living through it again.
7. I feel like staying by myself and not being with my friends.
8. I feel alone inside and not close to other people.
9. I try not to talk about‚ think about‚ or have feelings about what happened.
10.I have trouble feeling happiness or love.
11.I have trouble feeling sadness or anger.
12.I feel jumpy or startle easily‚ like when I hear a loud noise or when something surprises me.
13.I have trouble going to sleep or I wake up often during the night.
14.I think that some part of what happened is my fault.
15.I have trouble remembering important parts of what happened.
16.I have trouble concentrating or paying attention.
17.I try to stay away from people‚ places‚ or things that make me remember what happened.
18.When something reminds me of what happened‚ I have strong feelings in my body‚ like my heart beats fast‚ my head aches‚ or my stomach aches.
19.I think that I will not live a long life.
20.I have arguments or physical fights.
21.I feel pessimistic or negative about my future.
22.I am afraid that the bad thing will happen again.
0=NONE‚ 1=LITTLE‚ 2=SOME‚ 3=MUCH‚ 4=MOST
Alan M. Steinberg‚ Brittany Beyerlein
SELF-REPORT TRAUMA HISTORY:
In interviewing the child/adolescent‚ ask: Sometimes people have scary or violent things that happen to them where someone could have been or was badly hurt or killed. Has anything like this ever happened to you?
1. Provide a brief description of what happened: ________________________
Below is a list of other scary or violent things that can happen. For each question‚ check “Yes” if this has happened to you; check “No” if this did NOT happen to you. Trauma History Profile: Part II (self-report screener)
2. Were you in a disaster‚ like an earthquake‚ wildfire‚ hurricane‚ tornado or flood?
3. Were you in a bad accident‚ like a serious car accident or fall?
4. Were you in a place where a war was going on around you?
5. Were you hit‚ punched‚ or kicked very hard at home? (DO NOT INCLUDE play fighting between brothers and sisters.)
6. Did you see a family member being hit‚ punched or kicked very hardat home? (DO NOT INCLUDE play fighting between brothers and sisters).
7. Were you beaten up‚ shot at‚ or threatened to be hurt badly in your school‚ neighborhood or town?
8. Did you see someone who was beaten up‚ shot at or killed?
9. Did you see a dead body (do not include funerals)?
10. Did someone touch your private parts when you did not want them to? (DO NOT INCLUDE visits to the doctor.)
11. Did you see or hear about the violent death or serious injury of a loved one or friend?
12. Did you have a painful or scary medical treatment when you were very sick or badly injured?
13. Were you ever forced to have sex with someone against your will?
14. Has anyone close to you died?
15. OTHER than the things described above‚ has ANYTHING ELSE ever happened to you that was REALLY SCARY OR UPSETTING?
UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for Children/Adolescents
1. I am on the lookout for danger or things that I am afraid of (like looking over my shoulder even when nothing is there).
2. I have thoughts like “I am bad.”
3. I try to stay away from people‚ places‚ or things that remind me about what happened.
4. I get upset easily or get into arguments or physical fights.
5. I feel like I am back at the time when the bad thing happened‚ like it’s happening all over again.
6. I feel like what happened was sickening or gross.
7. I don’t feel like doing things with my family or friends or other things that I liked to do.
8. I have trouble concentrating or paying attention.
9. I have thoughts like‚ “The world is really dangerous.”
10. I have bad dreams about what happened‚ or other bad dreams.
11. When something reminds me of what happened I get very upset‚ afraid‚ or sad.
12. I have trouble feeling happiness or love.
13. I try not to think about or have feelings about what happened.
14. When something reminds me of what happened‚ I have strong feelings in my body like my heart beats fast‚ my head aches or my stomach aches.
15. I am mad with someone for making the bad thing happen‚ not doing more to stop it‚ or to help after.
16. I have thoughts like “I will never be able to trust other people.”
17. I feel alone even when I am around other people.
18. I have upsetting thoughts‚ pictures or sounds of what happened come into my mind when I don’t want them to.
19. I feel that part of what happened was my fault.
20. I hurt myself on purpose.
21. I have trouble going to sleep‚ wake up often‚ or have trouble getting back to sleep.
22. I feel ashamed or embarrassed over what happened.
23. I have trouble remembering important parts of what happened.
24. I feel jumpy or startle easily‚ like when I hear a loud noise or when something surprises me.
25. I feel afraid or scared.
26. I do risky or unsafe things that could really hurt me or someone else.
27. I want to get back at someone for what happened.
With Dissociative Symptoms (Dissociative Subtype)
28. I feel like I am seeing myself or what I am doing from outside my body (like watching myself in a movie).
29. I feel not connected to my body‚ like I’m not really there inside.
30. I feel like things around me look strange‚ different‚ or like I am in a fog.
31. I feel like things around me are not real‚ like I am in a dream.
(α = .88–.91)
Pynoos‚ R.‚ Rodriguez‚ N.‚ Steinberg‚ A.‚ Stuber‚ M.‚ & Frederick‚ C. (1998). The UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-IV (Revision 1). Los Angeles‚ CA: UCLA Trauma PsychiatryProgram
For information about obtaining the PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-5‚ please contact Preston Finely at [email protected]
Steinberg‚ A. M.‚ Brymer‚ M. J.‚ Decker‚ K. B.‚ & Pynoos‚ R. S. (2004). The University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index. Current Psychiatry Reports‚ 6‚ 96-100.
Steinberg‚ A. M.‚ Brymer‚ M. J.‚ Kim‚ S.‚ Ghosh‚ C.‚ Ostrowski‚ S. A.‚ Gulley‚ K.‚ Briggs‚ E. C.‚ & Pynoos‚ R. S. (2013). Psychometric properties of the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index: Part 1. Journal of Traumatic Stress‚ 26‚ 1-9.