Toronto Alexithymia Scales (TAS-26)

Toronto Alexithymia Scales (TAS-26)
Taylor‚ Ryan‚ and Bagby (1985(
1.    When I cry I always know why.
2.    Day dreaming is a waste of time.
3.    I wish I were not as shy.
4.    I am often confused about what emotion I am feeling.
5.    I often daydream about the future.
6.    I seem to make friends as easily as others do.
7.    Knowing the answers to problems is more important than knowing the reasons for theanswers.
8.     It is difficult for me to find the right words for my feelings.
9.    I let people know where I stand on things. [I like to let people know where I stand on things].
10. I have physical sensations that even Doctors don’t understand.
11. It’s not enough for me that something gets the job done; I need to know why and how it works.
12. I am able to describe my feelings easily.
13. I prefer to analyze problems rather than just describe them.
14. When I am upset‚ I don’t know if I am sad‚ frightened or angry.
15. I use my imagination a great deal.
16. I spend much time daydreaming whenever I have nothing else to do.
17. I am often puzzled by sensations in my body.
18. I daydream rarely.
19. I prefer to just let things happen rather than to understand why they turned out that way.
20. I have feelings I can’t quite identify.
21. Being in touch with emotions is essential.
22. I find it hard to describe how I feel about people.
23. People tell me to describe my feelings more.
24. One should look for deeper explanations.
25. I don’t know what’s going on inside me.
26. I often don’t know why I am angry.
Difficulty to Identify and to Distinguish between Feelings and Bodily Sensations
Reduced Daydreaming
Externally Oriented Thinking
Difficulty Describing Feelings
(1) Strongly Disagree‚ (2) Moderately Disagree‚ (3) Neither Disagree or Agree‚ (4) Moderately Agree‚ (5) Strongly Agree.

Bagby‚ R. M.‚ Parker‚ J. D. A. & Taylor‚ G. J. (1994). The twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale-I. Item se‎lection and cross-validation of the factor structure. Journal of Psychosomatic Research‚ 38‚ 23-32.”

Bagby‚ R.M.‚ Taylor‚ G.J.‚ & Parker‚ J.D.A. (1994). The Twenty- Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale II. Convergent discriminant‚and concurrent validity. Journal of Psychosomatic Research‚ 38‚ 33–40.


Taylor‚ G.J.‚ Ryan‚ D.‚ & Bagby‚ R.M. (1985). Toward the development of a new self-report alexithymia scale. Psychotherapy& Psychosomatics‚ 44‚ 191–199.


Zimmermann‚ Grégoire; Rossier‚ Jérôme; Meyer de Stadelhofen‚ Franz; Gaillard‚ François. (2005). Alexithymia Assessment and Relations with Dimensions of Personality. European Journal of Psychological Assessment‚ Vol 21(1)‚ 2005‚ 23-33.


Rieffe‚ C.‚ Oosterveld‚ P.‚ Meerum Terwogt‚ M.‚ Novin‚ S.‚ Nasiri‚ H.‚ & Latifian‚ M. (2010). Relationship between alexithymia‚ mood and internalizing symptoms in children and young adolescents: Evidence from an Iranian sample. Personality and Individual Differences‚ 48‚ 425-430.

Besharat‚ M. A.‚ Rostami‚ R.‚ Pourhosein‚ R.‚ & Mirzamani‚ M. (2006). Assessing reliability and validity of Farsi Version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 in asample of opioid substance use disordered patients. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry‚1‚ 133- 139.