Modern Racism Scale (MRS)

Modern Racism Scale (MRS)
McConahay‚ 1983‚ 1986
1.    It is easy to understand the anger of black people in America.
2.    Blacks have more influence upon school desegregation plans than they ought to have.
3.    Blacks are getting too demanding in their push for equal rights.
4.    Over the past few years blacks have gotten more economically than they deserve.
5.    Over the past few years the government and news media have shown more respect to blacks than they deserve.
6.    Blacks should not push themselves where they’re not wanted.
7.    Discrimination against blacks is no longer a problem in the United States.
Cronbach’s alpha coefficient  0.86
(strongly disagree) to (strongly agree)

McConahay‚ John B.; Hardee‚ Betty B.; Batts‚ Valerie (December 1981). “Has Racism Declined in America? It Depends on Who is Asking and What is Asked”. Journal of Conflict Resolution 25 (4): 563–79

McConahay‚ J. B. (1983). Modern racism and modern discrimination: The effects of race‚ racial attitudes‚ and context on simulated hiring decisions. Personality and SocialPsychology Bulletin‚ 9‚ 551-558.

McConahay‚ J. B. (1986). Modern racism‚ ambivalence‚ and the Modern Racism Scale. In J. F. Dovidio & S. L. Gaertner (Eds.)‚ Prejudice‚ discrimination‚ and racism (pp. 91–125). New York: Academic Press.

Wisdom‚ Nicholas M. (2010). social acceptance of age discrimination. Oklahoma State University. Doctoral dissertation