Christopher T. H. Liang‚ Lisa C. Li‚ and Bryan S. K. Kim‚ 2004
1) You hear about a racially motivated murder of an Asian American man.
2) You hear that Asian Americans are not significantly represented in management positions.
3) You are told that Asians have assertiveness problems.
4) You notice that Asian characters in American TV shows either speak bad or heavily accented English.
5) You notice that in American movies‚ male Asian leading characters never engage in physical contact (kissing‚ etc.) with leading female characters even when the plot would seem to call for it.
6) Someone tells you that the kitchens of Asian families smell and are dirty.
7) You notice that U.S. history books offer no information of the contributions
8) You see a TV commercial in which an Asian character speaks bad English and acts subservient to non-Asian characters.
9) You hear about an Asian American government scientist held in solitaryconfinement for mishandling government documents when his non-Asian coworkers were not punished for the same offence
10) You learn that Asian Americans historically were targets of racist actions.
11) You learn that most non-Asian Americans are ignorant of the oppression and racial prejudice Asian Americans have endured in the U.S.
12) At a restaurant you notice that a White couple who came in after you is served before you.
13) You learn that‚ while immigration quotas on Asian peoples were severely restricted until the latter half of the 1900s‚ quotas for European immigrants were not.
14) Someone tells you that it's the Blacks that are the problem‚ not the Asians.
15) A student you do not know asks you for help in math.
16) Someone tells you that they heard that there is a gene that makes Asians smart.
17) Someone asks you if you know his or her Asian friend! coworker! classmate.
18) Someone assumes that they serve dog meat in Asian restaurants.
19) Someone tells you that your Asian American female friend looks just like Connie Chung.
20) Someone you do not know speaks slow and loud at you.
21) Someone asks you if all your friends are Asian Americans.
22) Someone asks you if you can teach him/her karate.
23) Someone tells you that "you people are all the same."
24) Someone tells you that all Asian people look alike.
25) Someone tells you that Asian Americans are not targets of racism.
26) Someone you do not know asks you to help him/her fix his/her computer.
27) You are told that "you speak English so well."
28) Someone asks you what your real name is.
29) You are asked where you are really from.
(a) Socio-historical Racism‚ b) General Racism‚ c) Perpetual Foreigner
1 = This has never happened to me or someone I know‚ 2 = This event happened but did not bother me‚ 3= This event happened and I was slightly bothered‚ 4= This event happened and Iwas upset‚ 5 = This event happened and I was extremely upset.
Liang‚ T. H.‚ Li‚ L. C.‚ & Kim‚ S. K.(2004). The Asian American racism-related stress inventory: Development‚ factor analysis‚ reliability‚ and validity. Journal of Counseling Psychology‚ 51‚ 103-114.
Cartier. Chad R.‚(2009). Asian American Men's Gender Role Conflict: An Investigation of Racism-Related Stress. University of Wisconsin-Stout. MS. Thesis.