Modern Sexism scale
1. Women are generally not as smart as men.
2. I would be equally as comfortable having a woman or a man as a boss. *
3. It is more important to encourage boys than to encourage girls to participate in athletics.
4. Women are just as capable of thinking logically as men.’
5. When both parents are employed and their child gets sick at school‚ the school should call the mother rather than the father.
1. Women often miss out on good jobs due to sexual discrimination.
2. It is rare to see women treated in a sexist manner on television.
3. Society has reached the point where women and men have equal opportunities for achievement.
4. It is easy to understand the anger of women’s groups in America. *
5. Over the past few years‚ the government and news media have been showing more concern about the treatment of women than is warranted by women’s actual experiences.
6. Discrimination against women is no longer a problem in the United States.
7. On average‚ people in our society treat husbands and wives equally.
8. It is easy to understand why women’s groups are still concerned about societal limitations of women’s opportunities.
These items measure gender stereotyping in the context of relationships and responsibility. Youths are asked to check the response that best corresponds to their beliefs.
Old-Fashioned Sexism (OFS) - endorsement of traditional gender roles‚ differential treatment of women and men‚ and stereotypes of women’s lesser competence.
Modern Sexism (MS) - denial of continued discrimination‚ antagonism toward women’s demands‚ lack of support for policies to help women.
This scale measures covert or subtle sexism‚ which is built into cultural or societal norms.
FEES AND REQUIREMENTS
Each item is rated on a 5-point scale‚ with 1 = strongly disagree and 5 = strongly agree.
Swim‚ J. K.‚ Aikin‚ K. J.‚ Hall‚ W. S.‚ & Hunter‚ B. A. (1995). Sexism and racism: Old-fashioned and modem prejudices. Journal of Personality and SocialPsychology‚ 68‚199-214.
Swim‚ J. K.‚ & Cohen‚ L. L. (1997). Overt‚ covert‚ and subtle sexism: A comparison between the Attitudes Toward Women and Modern SexismScales. Psychology of Women Quarterly‚ 21‚ 103-118.
Janet K. Swim
515 Moore Building
Department of Psychology
Pennsylvania State University
University Park‚ PA 16802‚ USA