Aging Semantic Deferential (ASD)

Selfish ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Generous
Unproductive ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Productive
Indecisive ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Decisive
Idle ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Busy
Secure ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Insecure
Strong ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Weak
Healthy ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Unhealthy
Dejected ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Hopeful
Cooperative ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Uncooperative
Optimistic ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Pessimistic
Dissatisfied ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Satisfied
Old fashioned ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Progressive
Inconsistent ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Consistent
Independent ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Dependent
Rich ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Poor
Expectant ___ ___ ____ _____ ____ ___ Resigned
Aggressive ___ ___ ____ _____ _________ Defensive
Exciting ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Dull
Flexible ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Inflexible
Disorganized ___ ___ ___ ___ _________ Organized
Happy ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Sad
Passive ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ __ Active
Ugly ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Handsome
Unpleasant ___ ___ _________ ____ ___ Pleasant
Eccentric ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Ordinary
Unfriendly ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Friendly
Neat ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Untidy
Suspicious ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Trustful
Self-Reliant ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Dependent
Conservative ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Liberal
Certain ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Uncertain
Tolerant ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Intolerant
 
The internal consistency was tested by Beullens & Martens (2000) and was found to be sufficient (Cronbach’s alpha: 0.87)
 
 

Rosencranz‚ H. & McNevin‚ T. (1969). A factor analysis of attitudes toward the aged. The Gerontologist; 9: 55-59.

Beullens J M‚ T. (2000).The attitude towards the elderly by nursing students. Verpleegkunde; 15(2): 74-80.

Gonzales‚ Ernest.‚ Tan‚ Jing.‚ Morrow-Howell‚ Nancy .(2010). Assessment of the refined aging semantic differential: recommendations for enhancing validity. Journal of Gerontological Social Work‚ 53(4): 304-318.