Work-Related Depression, Anxiety, and Irritation scale


This measure, (Work-Related Depression, Anxiety, and Irritation) developed by Caplan, Cobb, French, Van Harrison, and Pinneau (1980), assesses three dimensions of employee stress and strain. These include the extent to which employees felt depressed (unhappy, sad, blue), anxious (nervous, jittery), and irritated (annoyed, angry) while work­ing in their job.


Coefficient alpha values ranged from .81 to .86 (Begley & Czajka, 1993; Jalajas, 1994).


Work-related depression correlated negatively with being married, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction. Work-related depression corre­lated positively with intentions to quit (Begley & Czajka, 1993). Jalajas (1994) factor analyzed the items and found that the subscales for depression and anxiety were empirically distinct.


Caplan, R. D., Cobb, S., French, J. R. P., Van Harrison,R., & Pinneau, S. R. (1980). Job demands and worker health. Ann Arbor: University of Michi­ gan, Institute for Social Research. Items were taken from text, p. 274. Copy­ right © 1980. Reproduced with permission.


Responses are obtained on a 4-point response scale where 1 = never or a lit­tle of the time, 2 = some of the time, 3 = a good part of the time, and 4 = most of the time.

Depression items:                                  

  1. I feel sad.
  2. I feel unhappy.
  3. I feel good (R)
  4. I feel depressed.
  5. I feel blue.
  6. I feel cheerful (R)

Irritation items:

  1. I get angry.
  2. I get aggravated.
  3. I get irritated or annoyed.

Anxiety items:

  1. I feel nervous.
  2. I feel jittery.
  3. I feel calm (R)
  4. I feel fidgety.

Items denoted with (R) are reverse scored.