Burnout Measure


This measure, (Burnout Measure) developed by Pines and Aronson (1988), assesses physical and emotional states by asking respondents to rate how frequently they experience 21 stress-related occurrences. The Burnout Measure focuses on exhaustion, shown to be a central aspect of burnout. The Burnout Measure is considered the second most widely used burnout measure after the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI; Etzion, Eden, & Lapidot, 1998). It is considered the better of the two measures for use outside the human service professions, because the MBI focuses on burnout of professionals who work with people (Westman & Eden, 1997). The Burnout Measure has also been translated into Hebrew (Etzion et al., 1998).


Coefficient alpha values ranged from .88 to .95 (Cropanzano et al., 1997; Etzion et al., 1998; Melamed, Kushnir, & Meir, 1991; Schaufeli & Van Dierendonck, 1993; Westman & Eden, 1997).


The Burnout Measure correlated negatively with job satisfaction, perceived control at work, and social support. Burnout correlated positively with job de­mands and the presence of job stressors (Etzion et al., 1998; Melamed et al., 1991). Westman and Eden (1997) factor analyzed the Burnout Measure and found that it is unidimensional. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the Burnout Measure measures the affective nature of burnout, which is often expressed as exhaustion (Schaufeli & Van Dierendonck, 1993).


Pines, A., & Aronson, E. (1988) Career burnout: Causes and cures. New York: Free Press. Copyright© 1988 by Ayala M. Pines and Elliot Aronson. Items from text (p. 219) were adapted with the permission of The Free Press, a Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc.


Responses are obtained on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = never, 2 = once in a great while, 3 = rarely, 4=sometimes, 5 =often, 6= usually, and 7 = always.

  1. Being tired
  2. Being weary
  3. Feeling depressed
  4. Being troubled
  5. Having a good day
  6. Feeling disillusioned and
  7. Being physically exhausted resentful
  8. Being emotionally exhausted
  9. Being weak and susceptible
  10. Being happy to illness
  11. Being “wiped out”
  12. Feeling hopeless
  13. “Can’t take it anymore”
  14. Feeling rejected
  15. Being unhappy
  16. Feeling optimistic
  17. Feeling run-down
  18. Feeling energetic
  19. Feeling trapped
  20. Feeling anxious
  21. Feeling worthless