Table of Contents
Description of Measure:
Items 2, 5, 6, 8, 9 are reverse scored. Give “Strongly Disagree” 1 point, “Disagree” 2 points, “Agree” 3 points, and “Strongly Agree” 4 points. Sum scores for all ten items. Keep scores on a continuous scale. Higher scores indicate higher self-esteem.
Rosenberg‚ M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton‚ NJ: Princeton University Press.
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Shapurian‚ R.‚ Hojat‚ M.‚ & Nayerahmadi‚ H. (1987). Psychometric characteristics and dimensionality of a Persian version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Perceptual and Motor Skills‚ 65‚ 27-34.
Gray-Little‚ B.‚ Williams‚ V.S.L.‚ & Hancock‚ T. D. (1997). An item response theory analysis of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin‚ 23‚443-451.
Schmitt‚ David P.‚ Allik‚ Juri. (2005). Simultaneous Administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 Nations: Exploring the Universal and Culture-Specific Features of Global Self-Esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 89(4): 623– 642