Physical Self-Efficacy Scale (PSE)

1.    I have excellent reflexes.*
2.    I am not agile and graceful.
3.    I am rarely embarrassed by my voice.*
4.    My physique is rather strong.*
5.    Sometimes I don’t hold up well under stress.
6.    I can’t run fast.
7.    I have physical defects that sometimes bother me.
8.    I don’t feel in control when I take tests involving physical dexterity.
9.    I am never intimidated by the thought of a sexual encounter.*
10.People think negative things about me because of my posture.
11.I am not hesitant about disagreeing with people bigger than me. *
12.I have poor muscle tone.
13.I take little pride in my ability in sports.
14.Athletic people usually do not receive more attention than me. *
15.I am sometimes envious of those better looking than myself.
16.Sometimes my laugh embarrasses me.
17.I am not concerned with the impression my physique makes on others. *
18.Sometimes I feel uncomfortable shaking hands because my hands are clammy.
19.My speed has helped me out of some tight spots. *
20.I find that I am not accident prone.*
21.I have a strong grip.*
22.Because of my agility‚ I have been able to do things which many others could not do.*
Items with an (*) in front of them are reverse scored
Physical Ability (PPA‚ alpha 0.85) and Physical Self-Presentation Confidence (PSPC‚ alpha 0.0.75)‚ overall scale (alpha 0.82) (Ryckman‚ 1982)
Strongly Agree‚ Agree‚ agree somewhat‚ disagree somewhat‚ Disagree‚ Strongly Disagree
Physical Ability (items 1‚ 2‚ 4‚ 6‚ 8‚ 12‚ 13‚ 19‚ 21 and 22) and Physical Self-Presentation Confidence (items 3‚ 5‚ 7‚ 9‚ 10‚ 11‚ 14‚ 15‚ 16‚ 17‚ 18‚ and 20)
This instrument can be found at:

Ryckman‚ R. M.‚ Robbins‚ M. A.‚ Thornton‚ B.‚ & Cantrell‚ P. (1982). Development and validation of a physical self-efficacy scale. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 42(5): 891-900.

McAuley‚ E. & Gill‚ D.L. (1983). Reliability and validity of the Physical Self-Efficacy Scale in a competitive sport setting. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology‚ 5‚ 410-418.

Goldbach‚ Kristen R.‚ (1989). “Physical self efficacy‚ injury‚ history and locus of control as predictors of athletes’ expected recovery actions in response to various levels of injury severity” . ma‎ster’s Theses. Paper 868.

Hu‚ L.‚ McAuley‚ E.‚ & Elavsky‚ S. (2005). Does the physical self-efficacy scale assess selfefficacy or self-esteem? Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology‚ 27‚ 152.

Rothberger‚ Sara M.‚ “An Examination of Social Physique Anxiety among College Students: A Mixed Methodological Approach” (2014). Electronic Theses & Dissertations. 1050.