Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI)

1.    Spoke to me with a warm and friendly voice
2.    Did not help me as much as I needed
3.    Let me do things I liked doing
4.    Seemed emotionally cold to me
5.    Appeared to understand my problems and worries
6.    Was affectionate to me
7.    Liked me to make my own decisions
8.    Did not want me to grow up
9.    Tried to control everything I did
10.Invaded my privacy
11.Enjoyed talking things over with me
12.Frequently smiled at me
13.Tended to baby me
14.Did not seem to understand what I needed or wanted
15.Let me decide things for myself
16.Made me feel I wasn’t wanted
17.Could make me feel better when I was upset
18.Did not talk with me very much
19.Tried to make me dependent on her/him
20.Felt I could not look after myself unless she/he was around
21.Gave me as much freedom as I wanted
22.Let me go out as often as I wanted
23.Was overprotective of me
24.Did not praise me
25.Let me dress in any way I pleased
Very like‚ Moderately like‚ Moderately unlike‚ Very unlike
Care (items 1‚ 2R‚ 4R‚ 5‚ 6‚ 11‚ 12‚ 14R‚ 16R‚ 17‚ 18R and 24R)
Overprotection or control (items 3R‚ 7R‚ 8‚ 9‚ 10‚ 13‚ 15R‚ 19‚ 20‚ 21R‚ 22R‚ 23‚ and 25R)
R= reverse cod
By date

Parker‚ G.‚ Tupling‚ H.‚ & Brown‚ L. B. (1979). A parental bonding instrument. British Journal of Medical Psychology‚ 52‚ 1-10.

Parker‚ G. (1983) Parental Overprotection: A Risk Factor in Psychosocial Development‚ Grune & Stratton‚ New York. [A monograph describing the development of the PBI and its application across a wide range of psychiatric conditions and other disorders‚ as well as validity studies]

Wilhelm‚ K.‚ Parker‚ G. (1990). Reliability of the Parental Bonding Instrument and Intimate Bond Measure Scales. New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry‚ 24(2):199-202

Wilhelm‚ K.‚ Niven‚ H.‚ Parker‚ G.‚ & Hadzi-Pavlovic‚ D. (2005). The stability of the parental bonding instrument over a 20-year period. Psychological Medicine‚35‚ 387-393.

Parker‚ G. (2010). The Parental Bonding Instrument (Annotated Bibliography). Retrieved from: