Nonverbal Immediacy Scales

Nonverbal Immediacy Scales
Richmond & McCroskey & Johnson 1998‚ 2003
 
Self Report of Immediacy Behaviors (SRIB) – short
Richmond & McCroskey‚ 1998
 
1.    Uses hands and arms to gesture while talking to people.
2.    Use a monotone or dull voice while talking to people.
3.    Looks at people while talking to them.
4.    Frowns while talking to people.
5.    Has a very tense body position while talking to people.
6.    Moves away from people while talking to them.
7.    Uses a variety of vocal expressions while talking to people.
8.    Touches people on the shoulder or arm while talking to them.
9.    Smiles while talking to people.
10.Looks away from people while talking to them.
11.Has a relaxed body position while talking to people.
12.Is "stiff" while talking to people.
13.Avoids touching people while talking to them.
14.Moves closer to people while talking to them.
15.Is animated while talking to people.
16.Looks bland or neutral when talking to people.
Nonverbal Immediacy Scale-Self Report (NIS-S)
Richmond & McCroskey & Johnson 2003
 
1.    I use my hands and arms to gesture while talking to people.
2.    I touch others on the shoulder or arm while talking to them.
3.    I use a monotone or dull voice while talking to people.
4.    I look over or away from others while talking to them.
5.    I move away from others when they touch me while we are talking.
6.    I have a relaxed body position when I talk to people.
7.    I frown while talking to people.
8.    I avoid eye contact while talking to people.
9.    I have a tense body position while talking to people.
10.I sit close or stand close to people while talking with them.
11.My voice is monotonous or dull when I talk to people.
12.I use a variety of vocal expressions when I talk to people.
13.I gesture when I talk to people.
14.I am animated when I talk to people.
15.I have a bland facial expression when I talk to people.
16.I move closer to people when I talk to them.
17.I look directly at people while talking to them.
18.I am stiff when I talk to people.
19.I have a lot of vocal variety when I talk to people.
20.I avoid gesturing while I am talking to people.
21.I lean toward people when I talk to them.
22.I maintain eye contact with people when I talk to them.
23.I try not to sit or stand close to people when I talk with them.
24.I lean away from people when I talk to them.
25.I smile when I talk to people.
26.I avoid touching people when I talk to them. 
 
Nonverbal Immediacy Scale-Observer Report (NIS-O)
Richmond & McCroskey & Johnson 2003
 
1.    He/she uses her/his hands and arms to gesture while talking to people.
2.    He/she touches others on the shoulder or arm while talking to them.
3.    He/she uses a monotone or dull voice while talking to people.
4.    He/she looks over or away from others while talking to them.
5.    He/she moves away from others when they touch her/him while they are talking.
6.    He/she has a relaxed body position when he/she talks to people.
7.    He/she frowns while talking to people.
8.    He/she avoids eye contact while talking to people.
9.    He/she has a tense body position while talking to people.
10.He/she sits close or stands close to people while talking with them.
11.Her/his voice is monotonous or dull when he/she talks to people.
12.He/she uses a variety of vocal expressions when he/she talks to people.
13.He/she gestures when he/she talks to people.
14.He/she is animated when he/she talk to people.
15.He/she has a bland facial expression when he/she talks to people.
16.He/she moves closer to people when he/she talks to them.
17.He/she looks directly at people while talking to them.
18.He/she is stiff when he/she talks to people.
19.He/she has a lot of vocal variety when he/she talks to people.
20.He/she avoids gesturing while he/she is talking to people.
21.He/she leans toward people when he/she talks to them.
22.He/she maintains eye contact with people when he/she talks to them.
23.He/she tries not to sit or stand close to people when he/she talks with them.
24.He/she leans away from people when he/she talks to them.
25.He/she smiles when he/she talks to people.
26.He/she avoids touching people when he/she talks to them.
 
1 = Never; 2 = Rarely; 3 = Occasionally; 4 = Often; 5 = Very Often
Scoring:
Self-Report of Immediacy Behaviors (SRIB)
Step 1. Add the scores for items 2‚ 4‚ 5‚ 6‚ 10‚ 12‚ 13‚ and 16.
Step 2. Add the scores for items 1‚ 3‚ 7‚ 8‚ 9‚ 11‚ 14‚ and 15.
Total score: Start with the number 48‚ the add total from Step 2‚ then subtract the score from Step 1.
Nonverbal Immediacy Scale-Self Report (NIS-S)
Step 1. Add the scores from the following items: 1‚ 2‚ 6‚ 10‚ 12‚ 13‚ 14‚ 16‚ 17‚ 19‚ 21‚ 22‚ and 25.
Step 2. Add the scores from the following items: 3‚ 4‚ 5‚ 7‚ 8‚ 9‚ 11‚ 15‚ 18‚ 20‚ 23‚ 24‚ and 26.
Total Score = 78 pluse Step 1 minus Step 2.
Nonverbal Immediacy Scale-Observer Report (NIS-O)
Step 1. Add the scores from the following items: 1‚ 2‚ 6‚ 10‚ 12‚ 13‚ 14‚ 16‚ 17‚ 19‚ 21‚ 22‚ and 25.
Step 2. Add the scores from the following items: 3‚ 4‚ 5‚ 7‚ 8‚ 9‚ 11‚ 15‚ 18‚ 20‚ 23‚ 24‚ and 26.
Total Score = 78 plus Step 1 minus Step 2.
 
 

Richmond‚ V. P.‚ & McCroskey‚ J. C. (1998). Nonverbal communication in interpersonal relationships 3rd Edition. Boston‚ MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Richmond‚ V. P.‚ McCroskey‚ J. C.‚ & Johnson‚ A. D. (2003). Development of the Nonverbal Immediacy Scale (NIS): Measures of self- and other-perceived nonverbal immediacy. Communication Quarterly‚ 51‚ 502-515.