Need to Belong scale (NTBS)

Leary‚ Kelly‚ Cottrell‚ & Schreindorfer‚ 2001‚ 2005
1.    If other people don’t seem to accept me‚ I don’t let it bother me. (R)
2.    I try hard not to do things that will make other people avoid or reject me.
3.    I seldom worry about whether other people care about me. (R)
4.    I need to feel that there are people I can turn to in times of need.
5.    I want other people to accept me.
6.    I do not like being alone.
7.    Being apart from my friends for long periods of time does not bother me. (R)
8.    I have a strong “need to belong.”
9.    It bothers me a great deal when I am not included in other people’s plans.
10.My feelings are easily hurt when I feel that others do not accept me.
1 = Strongly Disagree
2 = Moderately Disagree
3 = Neither Agree nor Disagree
4 = Moderately Agree
5 = Strongly Agree

Baumeister‚ R. F.‚ & Leary‚ M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. PsychologicalBulletin‚ 117‚ 497–529.

Leary‚ M. R.‚ Kelly‚ K. M.‚ Cottrell‚ C. A.‚ & Schreindorfer‚ L. S. (2001). Individual differences in the need to belong. Unpublished manuscript‚Wake Forest University‚ Winston-Salem‚ NC

Leary‚ M. R.‚ Kelly‚ K. M.‚ Cottrell‚ C. A.‚ & Schreindorfer‚ L. S. (2012). Individual differences in the need to belong: Mapping the nomological network. Unpublished manuscript‚ Duke University.

Leary‚ Mark R.‚ Hoyle‚ Rick H. (2012). Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior. Guilford Press

Leary‚ M. R.‚ Kelly‚ K. M.‚ Cottrell‚ C. M.‚ & Schreindorfer‚ L. S. (2013). Construct validity of the Need to Belong Scale: Mapping the nomological network. Journal of Personality Assessment‚ 95‚ 610-624.