Locus of Causality for Exercise Scale (LCE)

1.    I exercise because I like to rather than because I feel I have
2.    Exercising is not something I would necessarily choose to do‚ rather it is something that I feel I ought to do
3.    ha‎ving to exercise is a bit of a bind but it has to be done
1 = “Strongly disagree” to 7 = “Strongly agree”
Reverse scores on items two and three

Edmunds‚ J.‚ Ntoumanis‚ N.‚ & Duda‚ J.L. (2007). Adherence and well-being in overweight and obese patients referred to an exercise on prescription scheme: A self-determination theory perspective.Psychology of Sport and Exercise‚ 8‚ 722–740. abstract

Markland‚ D. (1999). Self-determination moderates the effects of perceived competence on intrinsic motivation in an exercise setting. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology‚ 21‚ 350-360. abstract full text (pdf) For personal use only

Markland‚ D. & Hardy‚ L. (1997). On the factorial and construct validity of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory: Conceptual and operational concerns. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport‚ 68‚ 20-32.

Markland‚ D. & Tobin‚ V.J. (2010). Need support and behavioural regulations for exercise among exercise referral scheme clients: The mediating role of psychological need satisfaction. Psychology of Sport and Exercise‚ 11‚ 91-99. 

Silva‚ M.N.‚ Markland‚ D.A.‚ Minderico‚ C.S.‚ Vieira‚ P.N.‚ Castro‚ M.M.‚ Coutinho‚ S.R.‚ Santos‚ T.C.‚ Matos. M.G.‚ Sardinha‚ L.B. & Teixeira‚ P.J. (2008). A randomized controlled trial to evaluate Self-Determination Theory for exercise adherence and weight control: Rationale and intervention description. BMC Public Health‚ 8‚ 234. abstract full text (pdf) For personal use only

Silva‚ M.N.‚ Markland‚ D.A.‚ Vieira‚ P.N.‚ Coutinho‚ S.R.‚ Carraca‚ E.V.‚ Palmeira‚ A.L.‚ Minderico‚ C.S.‚ Matos. M.G.‚ Sardinha‚ L.B. & Teixeira‚ P.J. (In press). Helping overweight women become more active: Need support and motivational regulations for different forms of physical activity.Psychology of Sport and Exerciseabstract full text (pdf) For personal use only