1. By attending prenatal classes taught by competent health professionals‚ I can greatly increase the odds of having a healthy‚ normal baby.
2. My unborn child's health can be seriously affected by my dietary intake during pregnancy.
3. If I get sick during pregnancy‚ consulting my doctor is the best thing I can do to protect the health of my unborn child.
4. Learning how to care for myself before I become pregnant helps my child to be born healthy.
5. What I do right up to the time that my baby is born can affect my baby's health.
6. Before becoming pregnant‚ I would learn what specific things I should do and not do during pregnancy in order to have a healthy‚ normal baby.
7. Even if I take excellent care of myself when I am pregnant‚ fate will determine whether my child will be normal or abnormal.
8. If my baby is unhealthy or abnormal‚ nature intended it to be that way.
9. No matter what I do when I am pregnant‚ the laws of nature determine whether or not my child will be normal.
10. God will determine the health of my child.
11. Fate determines the health of my unborn child.
12. having a miscarriage means to me that my baby was not destined to live.
13. My baby will be born healthy only if do everything my doctor tells me to do during pregnancy.
14. The care I receive from health professionals is what is responsible for the health of my unborn baby.
15. Health professionals are responsible for health of my unborn child.
16. Doctors and nurses are the only ones who are competent to give me advice concerning my behavior during pregnancy.
17. My baby's health is in the hands of health professionals.
18. Only qualified health professionals can tell me what I should and should not do when I am pregnant.
Internality (FHLC-I)‚Chance (FHLC-C)‚ and Powerful Others (FHLC-P)
Internality (a=0.88‚ r= 0.8)‚ Chance (a=0.83‚ r=0.86)‚ and Powerful Others (a=0.76‚ r= 0.67)
“0= Strongly Disagree” to “9= Strongly Agree”
Internality (items 1‚ 6‚ 8‚ 12‚ 15‚ and 17)‚ Chance (items 2‚ 4‚ 9‚ 11‚ 14‚ and 16)‚ and Powerful Others (items 3‚ 5‚ 7‚ 10‚ 13‚ and 18)
This instrument can be found at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/19367963 & Fischer‚ Joel.‚ Corcoran‚ Kevin J. (2007 ). Measures for Clinical Practice and research: A sourcebook. (4th ed.). NY. Oxford University Pr. Vol. 1‚ Page (s): 341-343.
Spirito‚ A.‚ Ruggiero‚ L.‚ McGarvey‚ S. T. & Coustan‚ D. R. (1990). Maternal and fetal health Locus of Control during pregnancy: A comparison of women with diabetes and nondiabetic women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology‚ 8‚ 195-206.
Bielawska-Batorowicz‚ E. (1993). The effect of previous obstetric history of women’s scores on the fetal health Locus of Control scale (FHLC). Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology‚ 11‚ 103-106.
Stewart‚ D. E. & Streiner‚ D. L. (1995). Cigarette smoking during pregnancy. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry‚ 40‚ 603-607
Labs and Wurtele. (1986). Fetal Health Locus of Control Scale (FHLC). In Fischer‚ Joel.‚ Corcoran‚ Kevin J. (2007 ). Measures for Clinical Practice and research: A sourcebook. (4th ed.). NY. Oxford University Pr. Vol. 1‚ Page (s): 341-343.
Sheih‚ C.‚ Broome‚ M. E.‚ & Stump‚ T. (2010). Factors associated with health information-seeking in low-income pregnant women. Women & Health‚ 5‚426-442.