Forced Choice F Scale- Schuman
Schuman and Harding‚ 1962
L. It would be a good thing if people spent more time thinking and talking about ideas just for the fun of it.
H. If people would talk less and work more‚ everybody would be better off.
H. There is hardly anything lower than a person who does not feel a great love‚ gratitude‚ and respect for his parents.
L. Most honest people admit to themselves that they have sometimes hated their parents.
L. Insults to our honor are not always important enough to bother about.
H. An insult to our honor should always be punished.
L. It’s only natural for people to sometimes have thoughts about hurting a close friend or relative.
H. No sane‚ normal‚ decent person could ever think of hurting a close friend or relative.
H. Young people sometimes get rebellious ideas‚ but as they grow up they ought to get over them and settle down.
L. If it weren't for the rebellious ideas of youth there would be less progress in the world .
H. Human nature being what it is‚ there will always be war and conflict.
L. Human nature doesn't make war inevitable; man may some day establish a peaceful world.
H. What the youth needs most in strict discipline‚ rugged determination ‚ and the will to work and fight for family and country.
L. In the long run it is better for our country if young people are allowed a great deal of personal freedom and are not strictly disciplined.
H. A person who has bad manners‚ habits‚ and breeding can hardly expect to get along with decent people.
L. People should be willing to overlook failures in the manners and unpleasant personal habits in other people.
L. There are times when it is necessary to probe in to even the most personal and private matters.
H. Nowadays more and more people are prying in to matters that should remain personal and private.
H. No weakness or difficulty can hold us back if we have enough will power.
L. There are many difficulties a person cannot overcome no matter how much will power he has.
"Very sure"‚ "Moderately sure"‚ "Not very sure"
Christie‚ R.‚ Havel‚ J.‚ and Seidenberg‚ B. (1958) .Is the F Scale irreversible? Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology‚ 56‚ 143-149.
Schuman‚ H.‚ and Harding‚ J. (1962). Indirect measures of prejudice. Unpublished manuscript‚ c.
Schuman‚ H.‚ and Harding‚ J. (1963). Sympathetic identification with the underdog. Public Opinion Quarterly‚ 27‚ 230-241.
Schuman‚ H.‚ and Harding‚ J. (1964). Prejudice and the norm of rationality. Sociometry‚ 27‚ 353-371.
Robinson‚ John P.‚ Shaver‚ Phillip R. (1969). Measures of Political Attitudes. Institute for Social Research‚ University of Michigan/. Ann Arbor‚ Michigan