Family Resilience Assessment Scale (FRAS)

1.    Every family has problems *
2.    Everything we go through as a family happens for a reason *
3.    Our family structure is flexible to deal with the unexpected
4.    Our friends are a part of everyday activities *
5.    Our friends value us and who we are
6.    The rules in our family are not set in stone *
7.    The rules in our family change according to family needs *
8.    The things we do for each other make us feel a part of the family
9.    We accept stressful events as a part of life
10.We accept that problems occur unexpectedly
11.We all have input into major family decisions
12.We are able to work through pain and come to an understanding
13.We are adaptable to demands placed on us as a family
14.We are careful how much we do for friends *
15.We are careful what we say to each other *
16.We are open to new ways of doing things in our family
17.We are understood by other family members
18.We ask neighbors for help and assistance
19.We attend church/synagogue/mosque services
20.We believe friends can take advantage of us *
21.We believe we can handle our problems
22.We can ask for clarification if we do not understand each other
23.We can be honest and direct with each other in our family
24.We can blow off steam at home without upsetting someone
25.We can compromise when problems come up
26.We can deal with family differences in accepting a loss
27.We can depend upon people in this community
28.We can question the meaning behind messages in our family
29.We can solve major problems
30.We can survive if another problem comes up
31.We can talk about the way we communicate in our family
32.We can work through difficulties as a family
33.We consult with each other about decisions
34.We define problems positively to solve them
35.We discuss problems and feel good about the solutions
36.We discuss things until we reach a resolution
37.We do volunteer work in the community *
38.We feel free to express our opinions
39.We feel good giving time and energy to our family
40.We feel people in this community are willing to help in an emergency
41.We feel secure living in this community
42.We feel taken for granted by family members (-)
43.We feel we are strong in facing big problems
44.We get upset if someone complains in our family *
45.We have close friends we really care for*
46.We have faith in a supreme being
47.We have the strength to solve our problems
48.We keep our feelings to ourselves (-)
49.We know there is community help if there is trouble
50.We know we are important to our friends
51.We learn from each other’s mistakes
52.We mean what we say to each other in our family
53.We participate in activities specifically for our situation*
54.We participate in church activities
55.We receive gifts and favors from neighbors
56.We seek advice from religious advisors
57.We seldom listen to family members concerns or problems (-)
58.We share responsibility in the family
59.We show love and affection for family members
60.We tell each other how much we care for one
61.We think this is a good community to raise children
62.We think we should not get too involved with people in this community (-)
63.We trust things will work out even in difficult times
64.We try new ways of working with problems
65.We understand communication from other family members
66.We work to make sure family members are not emotionally or physically hurt
67.Is there something else which helped your family through this adverse event that has not been described or discussed?
* These items are not in the 54 item version
(-)reverse scored items
Family communication and problem-solving (0.96)‚ Utilizing social and economic resources (0.85)‚ maintaining a positive outlook (0.86)‚ family connectedness (0.70)‚ family spirituality (0.88)‚ and ability to make meaning of adversity (0.74)
Strongly Agree‚ Agree‚ Disagree‚ and Strongly Disagree.
Family communication and problem-solving (Clarity: 15‚ 22‚ 23‚ 28‚ 31‚ 52‚ and 65; Open Emotional Experience: 24‚ 38‚ 44‚ 48‚ 60‚ and 66; Communication/Problem-Solving 11‚ 25‚ 33‚ 35‚ 36‚ 58‚ and 64)‚ Utilizing social and economic resources (4‚ 5‚ 14‚ 18‚ 20‚ 27‚ 37‚ 40‚ 41‚ 45‚ 49‚ 50‚ 53‚ 55‚ 61. And 62)‚ maintaining a positive outlook (21‚ 29‚ 30‚ 34‚ 43‚ 47‚ and 63)‚ family connectedness (8‚ 17‚ 39‚ 42‚ 57‚ and 59)‚ family spirituality (19‚ 46‚ 54‚ and 56)‚ and ability to make meaning of adversity (1‚ 2‚ 9‚ 10‚ 12‚ 26‚ 32 and 51)‚ Flexibility (3‚ 6‚ 7‚ 13‚ and 16)
This instrument can be found at:

Sixbey‚ M.‚ T. (2005). Development of the family resilience assessment scale to identify family resilience constructs.  University of Florida‚ Doctoral dissertation.