Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC)

1.    Able to adapt to change
2.    Close and secure relationships
3.    Sometimes fate or God can help
4.    Can deal with whatever comes
5.    Past success gives confidence for new challenge
6.    See the humorous side of things
7.    Coping with stress strengthens
8.    Tend to bounce back after illness or hardship
9.    Things happen for a reason
10.Best effort no matter what
11.You can achieve your goals
12.When things look hopeless‚ I don’t give up
13.Know where to turn for help
14.Under pressure‚ focus and think clearly
15.Prefer to take the lead in problem solving
16.Not easily discouraged by failure
17.Think of self as strong person
18.Make unpopular or difficult decisions
19.Can handle unpleasant feelings
20.Have to act on a hunch
21.Strong sense of purpose
22.In control of your life
23.I like challenges
24.You work to attain your goals
25.Pride in your achievements.
 

From “Asale Hubbard‚ 2011”
1. I am able to adapt when changes occur.
2. I have at least one close and secure relationship which helps me when I am stressed.
3. When there are no clear solutions to my problems‚ sometimes fate or God can help.
4. I can deal with whatever comes my way.
5. Past successes give me confidence in dealing with new challenges and difficulties.
6. I try to see the humorous side of things when I am faced with problems.
7. ha‎ving to cope with stress can make me stronger.
8. I tend to bounce back after illness‚ injury‚ or other hardships.
9. Good or bad‚ I believe that most things happen for a reason.
10. I give my best effort‚ no matter what the outcome may be.
11. I believe I can achieve my goals‚ even if there are obstacles.
12. Even when things look hopeless‚ I don‘t give up.
13. During times of stress/crisis‚ I know where to turn for help.
14. Under pressure‚ I stay focused and think clearly.
15. I prefer to take the lead in solving problems‚ rather than letting others make all the decisions.
16. I am not easily discouraged by failure.
17. I think of myself as a strong person when dealing with life‘s challenge and difficulties.
18. I can make unpopular or difficult decisions that affect other people‚ if it is necessary.
19. I am able to handle unpleasant or painful feelings like sadness‚ fear and anger.
20. In dealing with life‘s problems‚ sometimes you have to act on a hunch‚ without knowing why.
21. I have a strong sense of purpose in life.
22. I feel in control of my life.
23. I like challenges.
24. I work to attain my goals‚ no matter what roadblocks I encounter along the way
25. I take pride in my achievement

 
 
(1) Personal competence‚ high standards‚ and tenacity‚ (2) Trust in one’s instincts‚ tolerance of negative affect‚ and strengthening effects of stress‚ (3) Positive acceptance of change and secure relationships‚ (4) Control‚ (5) Spiritual influences
 
 
 
 
 
0 (not true at all) to 4 (true nearly all the time).
 
 

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Samani‚ S‚ et al. Effects of resilience on mental health and life satisfaction. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology‚ 2007; 13: 290-295.

Cambells-Sills‚ Laura & Stein‚ Murray B. (2007). Psychometric Analysis and Refinement of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISK): Validation of a 10-Item Measure of Resilience. Journal of Traumatic Stress‚ 20(6)‚ 1019-1028.

Vaishnavi‚ Sandeep.‚ Connor‚ Kathryn.‚ Davidson‚ Jonathan R.T. (2007). An abbreviated version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC)‚ the CD-RISC2: Psychometric properties and applications in psychopharmacological trials. Psychiatry Res‚ 152(2-3): 293–297.

Khoshouei‚ M.S. (2009). Psychometric evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) using Iranian students. Int J Testing.9‚ 60-66.

Jowkar‚ B.‚ Friborg‚ O.‚ Hjemdal‚ O.(2010). Cross-cultural validation of the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) in Iran. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology‚ 51‚ 418-425.

Abolghasemi A‚ Rajabi S‚ Sheikhi M‚ Kiamarsi A‚ Sadrolmamaleki V. (2013). Comparison of resilience‚ positive/negative affect‚ and psychological vulnerability between Iranian infertile and fertile men. Iran J Psychiatry 2013; 7: 9-15.

Derakhshanad‚ S.A.‚ Piven‚ E.‚ Rassafiani‚ M.‚ Hosseini S‚A.‚ Shahboulaghi‚ F.M. (2014). Standardization of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale in Iranian subjects with cerebrovascular accident. J Rehabil Sci and Research 2014; 1: 73-77.

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Hubbard‚ Asale‚ “Racial socialization and resilience among african american college students: The role of racial identity” (2011). Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 10152. http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/1015