Diabetes Family Responsibility Questionnaire (DFRQ)
Anderson et al.‚ 1990
Situation or task:
1. Remembering day of clinic appointment
2. Telling teachers about diabetes
3. Remembering to take morning or evening injection
4. Making appointments with dentists and other doctors
5. Telling relatives about diabetes
6. Taking more or less insulin according to results of blood sugar or urine tests
7. Noticing differences in health‚ such as weight changes or signs of an infection
8. Telling friends about diabetes
9. Noticing the early signs of an insulin reaction
10.Giving insulin injections
11.Deciding what should be eaten when family has meals out (restaurants‚ friend’s home)
12.Examining feet and making sure shoes fit properly
13.Carrying some form of sugar in case of an insulin reaction
14.Explaining absences from school to teachers or other school personnel
15.Rotating injection site
16.Checking expiration dates on medical supplies
17.Remembering times when blood sugar or urine should be tested
During the PAST MONTH‚ I have argued with my parent(s) about…
1. Remembering to give shots or to bolus (pump)*
2. Taking more or less insulin depending on results*
3. Remembering to check blood sugars*
4. Remembering clinic appointments**
5. Giving shots or boluses (pump)*
6. Meals and snacks
7. Results of blood sugar monitoring*
8. The early signs of low blood sugar*
9. What to eat when away from home
10.Making appointments with dentists and doctors**
11.Telling teachers about diabetes**
12.Telling friends about diabetes
13.Carrying sugar/carbs for reactions**
16.Telling relatives about diabetes**
17.Rotating injection sites or infusion sets (pump) **
18.Changes in health (like weight or infections) **
19.Logging blood sugar results**
Factor 1 (direct management tasks) items are italicized; factor 2 (indirect management tasks) are not.
*Designates a revised item; **designates an added item
1 = Parent(s) took or initiated responsibility for this almost all of the time
2 = Parent(s) and I shared responsibility for this about equally
3 = I took or initiated responsibility for this almost all of the time
Almost never‚ Sometimes‚ Almost always
Anderson‚ B. J.‚ Auslander‚ W. F.‚ Jung‚ K. C.‚ Miller‚ P.‚ & Santiago‚ J. V. (1990). Assessing family sharing of diabetes responsibilities. Journal of PediatricPsychology‚ 15(4)‚ 477-492.
Anderson‚ B. J.‚ & Brackett‚ J. (2000). Diabetes during childhood. In F. J. Snoek & T. C. Skinner (Eds.)‚ Psychology in Diabetes Care (pp. 1-23). Chichester: JohnWiley & Sons.
Anderson‚ B. J.‚ Vangsness‚ L.‚ Connell‚ A.‚ Butler‚ D.‚ Goebel-Fabbri‚ A. & Laffel‚ L. M. B. (2002). Family conflict‚ adherence‚ and glycaemic control in youth with short duration Type 1 diabetes. Diabetic Medicine‚ 19(8); 635–642
Anderson‚ B. J. (2004). Family conflict and diabetes management in youth: Clinical lessons from child development and diabetes research. Diabetes Spectrum‚17(1)‚ 22-26.
Anderson‚ B. J.‚ & Wolpert‚ H. A. (2004). A developmental perspective on the challenges of diabetes education and care during the young adult period. PatientEducation & Counseling‚ 53(3)‚ 347-352.
Hood‚Korey K.‚ Butler‚ Deborah A.‚ Anderson‚ Barbara J. and Laffel‚ Lori. (2007). updated and Revised Diabetes Family Conflict Scale. Diabetes Care‚ 30(7)‚ 1764-1769.
Andreassen‚ Hege Kristine. (2009). Separation-Individuation and its Effect on Diabetes Management and Diabetes Control in Young Women with Type 1 Diabetes. Other Degree thesis‚ Victoria University
Vesco. Anthony T.‚ Anderson‚ Barbara J.‚ Laffel‚ Lori M. B.‚ Dolan‚ Lawrence M.‚ Ingerski‚ Lisa M.‚ and Hood‚ Korey K. (2010). Responsibility Sharing between Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes and Their Caregivers: Importance of Adolescent Perceptions on Diabetes Management and Control. Journal of Pediatric Psychology; 35(10)‚ 1168–1177.