Measure of Psychological Adjustment to Diabetes (ATT19)

Measure of Psychological Adjustment to Diabetes (ATT19)
Welch et al.‚ 1994
1.    If I did not have diabetes I think I would be quite a different person.
2.    I dislike being referred to as “a diabetic”.
3.    Diabetes is the worst thing that has happened to me.
4.    Most people would find it difficult to adjust to ha‎ving diabetes.
5.    I often feel embarrassed about ha‎ving diabetes.
6.    There is not much I seem to be able to do to control my diabetes.
7.    There is little hope of leading a normal life with diabetes.
8.    The proper control of diabetes involves a lot of sacrifice and inconvenience.
9.    I try not to let people know about my diabetes.
10.Being told you have diabetes is like being sentenced to a life time of illness.
11.My diabetic diet does not really spoil my life.
12.In general‚ doctors need to be a lot more sympathetic in their treatment of people with diabetes.
13.ha‎ving diabetes over a long period changes the personality.
14.I often find it difficult to decide whether I feel sick or well.
15.Diabetes is not really a problem because it can be controlled.
16.There is really nothing you can do if you have diabetes.
17.There is really no-one I feel I can talk to openly about my diabetes.
18.I believe I have adjusted well to ha‎ving diabetes.
19.I often think it is unfair that I should have diabetes when other people are so healthy.
There are six subscales: diabetes stress‚ coping‚ guilt‚ alienation/cooperation‚ illness conviction‚ and ambiguity tolerance
“I disagree completely” to “I agree completely”
This instrument can be found at:

Welch‚ G.‚ Smith‚ R. B. W.‚ & Walkey‚ F. H. (1992). Styles of psychological adjustment in diabetes: A focus on key psychometric issues and the ATT39. Journal of Clinical Psychology‚ 48(5)‚ 648-658.

Welch‚ G.‚ Dunn‚ S. M.‚ & Beeney‚ L. J. (1994). The ATT39: A measure of psychological adjustment to diabetes. In C. Bradley (Ed.)‚ Handbook of Psychology and Diabetes (pp. 223-245). Australia: Harwood Academic Publishers.

Weinger‚ K.‚ Butler‚ H. A.‚ Welch‚ G. W.‚ & La Greca‚ A. M. (2005). Measuring diabetes self-care: A psychometric analysis of the self-care inventory-revised with adults. Diabetes Care‚ 28(6)‚ 1346-1352.

Andreassen‚ Hege Kristine. (2009). Separation-Individuation and its Effect on Diabetes Management and Diabetes Control in Young Women with Type 1 Diabetes. Other Degree thesis‚ Victoria University