1. Made it difficult for the other to work or study
2. Control the other’s money
3. Keep own money matters secret
4. Refuse to share money/pay fair share
5. Threaten to harm the other one
6. Threaten to leave the relationship
7. Threaten to harm self
8. Threaten to disclose damaging or embarrassing information
9. Try to make the other do things he or she did not want to
10.Use nasty looks and gestures to make the other one feel bad or silly
11.Smash the other one’s property when annoyed/angry
12.Be nasty or rude to other one’s friends or family
13.Vent anger on pets
14.Try to put the other down when getting “too big for his or her boots”
15.Show the other one up in public
16.Tell the other he or she was going mad
17.Tell the other he or she was lying or confused
18.Call the other unpleasant names
19.Try to restrict time one spent with family or friends
20.Want to know where the other went and who he or she spoke to when not together
21.Try to limit the amount of activities outside the relationship the other engaged in
22.Act suspicious and jealous of the other one
23.Check up on the other’s movements
24.Try to make the other feel jealous
Using children (for respondents with children)
25.Make the other feel bad about the children
26.Use the children to pass messages to the other when you [he or she] did not want to speak to them [him or her]
27.Threaten to take the children away from the other
28.Argue in front of the children
29.Strike‚ push‚ or kick the other in front of the children
Minimizing (all respondents) 2010
30.Falsely accuse the other of using violence
31.Made the strikes seem worse than they were
32.Blame the other for being hit
Economic control‚ Threatening control‚ Intimidating control‚ Emotional control‚ Isolating control
0 = never‚ 1= Rarely‚ 2= Sometimes‚ 3= Often‚ 4 = always
Graham-Kevan‚ N.‚ & Archer‚ J. (2003). Physical aggression and control in heterosexual relationships: The effect of sampling. Violence and Victims‚ 18(2)‚ 181-196.
Graham-Kevan‚ N. (2004). Physical Aggression and controlling behavior within relationships. University of Central Lancashire‚ Preston. Doctoral thesis. The effect of sampling. Violence and Victims‚ 18(2)‚ 181-196.
Graham-Kevan‚ N.‚ & Archer‚ J. (2005). Investigating three explanations of women’s relationship aggression. Psychology of Women Quarterly‚ 29‚ 270-277.
Graham-Kevan‚ N.‚ & Archer‚ J. (2008). Does controlling behavior predict physical aggression and violence to partners? Journal of Family Violence‚ 23‚ 539-548.
Graham-Kevan‚ N.‚ & Archer‚ J. (2009). Control tactics and partner violence in heterosexual relationships. Evolution & Human Behavior‚ 30‚ 445-452.