ATTITUDE‚ BELIEF AND BEHAVIOR SURVEY

Q1: I have read the consent document and understand that by completing this survey I acknowledge that I was provided a consent document‚ with a description of the rationale for this study‚ issues related to confidentiality‚ and possible risks and benefits of participation.
1 Yes
2 No

Q2: I understand that I must be at least 18 years of age to participate in this survey and certify that I am‚ indeed 18 years of age.
1 Yes‚ I am 18 years of age and am thereby eligible to participate
2 No‚ I am not 18 years of age and am thereby ineligible to participate
IF YOU ARE NOT 18 YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER PLEASE STOP THE SURVEY AND
RETURN THE STUDY DOCUMENTS TO THE RESEARCHER.
The following questions ask about who you are as a person. Using the categories: Always‚ almost always‚ almost never or never please indicate how often you would use these descriptions to describe yourself or your beliefs.

Q3: I see myself as “my own person”.
1 Always
2 Almost always
3 Almost never
4 Never
Q4: It is important for me to be able to act as an independent person.
1 Always
2 Almost always
3 Almost never
4 Never
Q5: I enjoy being unique and different from others.
1 Always
2 Almost always
3 Almost never
4 Never
Q6: I consider myself as a unique person separate from others.
1 Always
2 Almost always
3 Almost never
4 Never
Q7: Sometimes I will take a risk just for the fun of it.
1 Always
2 Almost always
3 Almost never
4 Never
The following question asks you about a specific goal. Please indicate whether the goal is very important‚ somewhat important or not important to you.
Q8: How important is it to you to have a good job or career after you have finished with school?
1 Very important
2 Somewhat important
3 Not important

The previous question asked you about the importance of a specific goal to you. The next question asks you about your expectations for achieving this goal. Please indicate whether you think your chances for achieving this goal are good‚ fair or poor.
Q9: What do you think your chances are for getting the job you would like after finishing school?
1 Good
2 Fair
3 Poor

The following section contains questions about the behavior of your closest friends over the past year. For each question‚ please indicate how many of your friends have engaged in the behavior.
Q10: During the past year‚ how many of your closest friends have cheated on school tests?
1 Almost all of them
2 Most of them
3 Some of them
4 Very few of them
5 None of them

Q11: During the past year‚ how many of your closest friends have binge drank alcohol? Binge drinking is defined as 5 or more drinks in one outing for a male and 4 or more drinks in one outing for a female.
1 Almost all of them
2 Most of them
3 Some of them
4 Very few of them
5 None of them

Q12: During the past year‚ how many of your closest friends have used marijuana?
1 Almost all of them
2 Most of them
3 Some of them
4 Very few of them
5 None of them

The questions in this next section ask you about your attitudes or opinions on a variety of behaviors. For each question‚ please indicate whether you think it is not wrong at all‚ a little bit wrong‚ wrong or very wrong for someone to engage in these behaviors.
Q13: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to cheat on school tests?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q14: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to binge drink alcohol? Binge drinking is defined as ha‎ving five or more alcoholic drinks in one night for males and four or more alcoholic drinks in one night for females.
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q15: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to use marijuana?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q16: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to use stimulants such as cocaine or methamphetamine?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q17: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to use designer drugs such as Ecstasy or GHB?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong
Q18: In your opinion how wrong is it for someone to use opiates such as opium or heroin?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q19: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to purposefully damage or destroy property that does not belong to them?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q20: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to steal something that does not belong to them?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q21: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to burglarize a home or business?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q22: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to download songs or movies off the internet without paying for them?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

Q23: In your opinion‚ how wrong is it for someone to physically attack another person?
1 Not wrong at all
2 A little bit wrong
3 Wrong
4 Very wrong

This next section asks about behaviors that you may or may not have engaged in over the past year. Using the categories provided below‚ please indicate how often over the past year you have engaged in the following behaviors.
Q24: Over the past year how often have you cheated on school tests?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

Q25: Over the past year‚ how often have you binge drank alcohol? Binge drinking is defined as ha‎ving five or more alcoholic drinks in one night for males and four or more alcoholic drinks in one night for females.
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

Q26: Over the past year‚ how often have you used marijuana?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

Q27: Over the past year‚ how often have you used stimulants such as cocaine or methamphetamine?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

Q28: Over the past year‚ how often have you used designer drugs such as Ecstasy or GHB?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to give times
4 Six or more times

Q29: Over the past year‚ how often have you used narcotics such as opium or heroin?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
3 Six or more times

Q30: Over the past year‚ how often have you purposefully damaged or destroyed property that did not belong to you?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

Q31: Over the past year‚ how often have you stolen something?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

Q32: Over the past year‚ how often have you burglarized a home or business?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

Q33: Over the past year‚ how often have you downloaded songs or movies off the internet without paying for them?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

Q34: Over the past year‚ how often have you physically attacked another person?
1 Never
2 One to two times
3 Three to five times
4 Six or more times

The following section asks about activities in which you may or may not participate. Please indicate the response for each question that most accurately indicates your involvement in these activities.
Q35: How often do you attend religious services?
1 Almost everyday
2 Once or twice a week
3 Once a week
4 Once a month
5 Once or twice a year
6 Never
Q36: How often do you pray?
1 Almost everyday
2 Once or twice a week
3 Once a week
4 Once a month
5 Once or twice a year
6 Never

Q37: How often do you play intramural‚ collegiate sports or sports for recreation?
1 Almost everyday
2 Once a week
3 Once a month
4 Once or twice a year
5 Never

Q38: How often do you participate in school clubs or activities such as volunteer work?
1 Almost everyday
2 Once or twice a week
3 Once a month
4 Once or twice a year
5 Never

Q39: How often do you study?
1 Almost everyday
2 Once or twice a week
3 Once a month
4 Once or twice a year
5 Never

Q40: How often do you go to bars or other clubs?
1 Almost every night
2 Once or twice a week
3 Once a month
4 Once or twice year
5 Never

The following section asks some questions about issues that are frequently discussed.
Q41: I respect the opinions of my teachers.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q42: I try hard in school.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q43: Getting a good education is important to me.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q44: You should respect the police.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q45: My family is important to me.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q46: I respect my mother or female guardian’s opinion.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree
5 Does not apply to me

Q47: I respect my father or male guardian’s opinion.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree
5 Does not apply to me

Q48: I consider myself to be a religious person.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q49: You should obey the rules of adults.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q50: It is alright to do something your parents tell you not to do as long as you can get away with it.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q51: The police are honest.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

Q52: Science is likely to solve the world’s problems such as global warming‚ overpopulation and hunger.
1 Tend to strongly agree
2 Tend to agree
3 Tend to disagree
4 Tend to strongly disagree

The final section of this survey is about your demographic and social ch‎aracteristics. These are included for comparison.
Q53: What is your gender?
1 Male
2 Female

Q54: How old are you?
1 Eighteen
2 Nineteen
3 Twenty
4 Twenty one
5 Twenty two
6 Twenty three
7 Twenty four
8 Twenty five and above

Q55: What year are you in school?
1 Freshman
2 Sophomore
3 Junior
4 Senior

Q56: If you have a job‚ on average‚ how many hours do you work a week?
1 1-5 hours
2 6-10 hours
3 11-15 hours
4 16-20 hours
5 20 or more hours
6 Do not have a job
Q57: Which of the following categories best describes your racial background? Please indicate all response options that apply.
1 White or Caucasian
2 White/non-Hispanic
3 White/ Hispanic
4 Black or African American
5 Black/ non-Hispanic
6 Black/ Hispanic
7 Asian
8 Native American
9 Pacific Islander
10 Other

Q58: What is your mother’s highest level of education?
1 Some high school
2 High school degree
3 Some college
4 College degree
5 Graduate degree
6 Do not know

Q59: What is your father’s highest level of education?
1 Some high school
2 High school degree
3 Some college
4 College degree
5 Graduate degree
6 Do not know
The Relationship between Attitudes toward Deviance and Deviant Behavior: The Influence of
Science‚ Individualism‚ Social Bonds and Deviant Peers
Virginia L. Rothwell
Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of
Doctor of Philosophy in Sociology
James E. Hawdon‚ Co-chair
Donald J. Shoemaker‚ Co-chair
Carol A. Bailey
Anastasia S. Vogt Yuan
September 11‚ 2009
Blacksburg‚ VA
http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-09152009-092751/unrestricted/Rothwell_VL_D_2009.pdf

The survey instrument was constructed using Dillman’s (2000) Tailored Design Method and consisted of nine different sections-in order of appearance: (1) informed consent attainment‚
(2) description of self and self beliefs‚ (3) importance of goals and perceived likelihood of achieving said goals‚ (4) behavior of close friends‚ (5) attitudes toward a variety of deviant behaviors‚ (6) self-report deviance‚ (7) involvement in various activities (8) personal opinions on frequently discussed issues and (9) demographic and social ch‎aracteristics of the respondent

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