Table of Contents
Background of the Aggressive Behavior—SAGE Baseline Survey:
Aggressive behavior has both genetic and environmental components. Many association studies have been performed to identify genetic factors underlying aggressive behaviors in humans. In this review we summarize the previous work performed in this field, considering both candidate gene (CGAS) and genome-wide association studies (GWAS), excluding those performed in samples where the primary diagnosis is a psychiatric or neurological disorder other than an aggression-related phenotype. Subsequently, we have studied the enrichment of pathways and functions in GWAS data. The results of our searches show that most CGAS have identified associations with genes involved in dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmission and in hormone regulation. On the other hand, GWAS have not yet identified genome-wide significant associations, but top nominal findings are related to several signaling pathways, such as axon guidance or estrogen receptor signaling, and also to neurodevelopmental processes and synaptic plasticity. Future studies should use larger samples, homogeneous phenotypes and standardized measurements to identify genes that underlie aggressive behaviors in humans. These items measure self-reported recency of aggressive and other high risk behaviors. Respondents are asked to indicate the last time they engaged in the following behaviors
Items of the Aggressive Behavior—SAGE Baseline Survey:
Psychometric properties of the Aggressive Behavior—SAGE Baseline Survey:
References of the Aggressive Behavior—SAGE Baseline Survey:
Straus MA; Hamby SL; Boney McCoy S; Sugerman DB; Flewelling RL; Paschall MJ; Ringwalt CL (1979‚ 1993). Pg.143‚ 160-161
Flewelling RL‚ Paschall MJ‚ Ringwalt CL. SAGE Baseline Survey. Research Triangle Park‚ NC:Research Triangle Institute‚ 1993.