During the last year how many of your friends have …
1. Purposely damaged or destroyed property that did not belong to them?
2. Hit or threatened to hit someone?
3. Used alcohol?
4. Sold drugs?
5. Gotten drunk once in a while?
6. Carried a knife or a gun?
7. Got into a physical fight?
8. Been hurt in a fight?
This instrument can be found on pages 212-213 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf
· All of them = 4
· Most of them = 3
· Some of them = 2
· Very few of them = 1
· None of them = 0
Values are summed and divided by the total number of items (8) for each respondent. Intended range is 0-4‚ with a higher score indicating greater association with (or exposure to) delinquent behavior by closefriends.
Institute of Behavioral Sciences. Youth Interview Schedule: Denver Youth Survey. Boulder‚ CO:University of Colorado‚ 1987.