Acculturation Index (AI)
Ward and Kennedy's (1994 )‚ Ward & Rana-Deuba‚ (1999)
Not at all similar 1----------2----------3----------4----------5----------6----------7 very similar
2. Pace of life
5. Religious beliefs
6. Material comfort (standard of living)
7. Recreational activities
9. Family life
13. Communication styles
14. Cultural activities
16. Perceptions of co-nationals
17. Perceptions of host nationals
18. Political ideology
19. World view
20. Social customs
21. Employment activities
Assess two independent dimensions of acculturation (co-national identification and host national identification) and four modes of acculturation (separation‚ integration‚ assimilation‚ and marginalization)
This instrument can be found online at: http://www.victoria.ac.nz/cacr/about-us/people/staff/colleen-ward/Scale-Acculturation-Index.pdf
Acculturation Index (AI)
Adoption by Wei-Hsuan Wang 2009
1. Dressing style
• I maintain a dressing style of my own culture.
• My dressing style is somewhat Americanized.
• I maintain an eating style of my own culture.
• My eating style is somewhat Americanized.
3. Living community (e.g.‚ Apartment complex)
• I live in a community where there are a lot of people of my own cultural background. .
• I live in a community where residents are mainly Americans.
4. Roommate choice (If you have/had a roommate)
• I choose to live with someone from my own culture.
• I choose to live with someone who is an English speaker or someone I can practice English.
5. Recreational activities
• I maintain recreational activities of my own culture.
• My recreational activities are somewhat Americanized.
6. Friendship network
• I have many American friends or friends from different cultural background.
7. Pace of life
• I maintain a pace of life which is similar to peers in my home country.
• My pace of life is similar to my American peers.
• I spend a lot of time reading in English (e.g.‚ academic papers‚ textbooks).
I spend a lot of time writing in my own language (e.g.‚ emails‚ journaling).
I spend a lot of time writing in English. .
• I spend a lot of time speaking in my own language.
• I spend a lot of time speaking in English.
• I spend a lot of time listening to my own language.
• I spend a lot of time listening to English.
12. Overall language usage
• I spend a lot of time using my own language.
• I make efforts to increase my opportunities to use English.
13. Communication style
• My communication style is similar to people from my own culture.
• My communication style is similar to American style (e.g.‚ more direct)
14. Religious beliefs (if you have any)
• My religious belief is similar to that of most Americans.
• I choose to attend a church of my own culture (e.g.‚ Chinese church/Korean church).
• I choose to attend an American church.
• I maintain values of my own culture.
• My values are somewhat Americanized.
17. Social activities
• I like to attend social activities held by my cultural group.
• I like to attend social activities held by American or international groups.
This instrument can be found online at: https://www.lib.utexas.edu/etd/d/2009/wangw58087/wangw58087.pdf
1 = strongly disagree; 2 = disagree; 3 = Neutral; 4 = agree; 5 = strongly agree