Cuellar‚ Arnold‚ & Maldonado‚ 1995
1. I speak Spanish (B)
2. I speak English (B)
3. I enjoy speaking Spanish (B)
4. I associate with Anglos (B)
5. I associate with Mexicans and/or Mexican Americans
6. I enjoy listening to Spanish language music 7. I enjoy listening to English language music
12.I enjoy reading (e.g.‚ books in Spanish) (B)
13.I enjoy reading (e.g.‚ books in English)
14.I write letters in Spanish
15.I write letters in English (B)
16.My thinking is done in the English language (B) 17.My thinking is done in the Spanish language (B)
18.My contact with Mexico has been
19.My contact with the USA has been
20.My father identifies or identified himself as ‘Mexicano’
21.My mother identifies or identified herself as ‘Mexicana’
22.My friends‚ while I was growing up‚ were of Mexican origin
23.My friends‚ while I was growing up‚ were of Anglo origin
24.My family cooks Mexican foods
25.My friends now are of Anglo origin (B)
26.My friends now are of Mexican origin
27.I like to identify myself as an Anglo American
28.I like to identify myself as a Mexican American
29.I like to identify myself as a Mexican
30.I like to identify myself as an American
(B) indicates used in Brief ARSMA-II for Children.
1. I have difficulty accepting some ideas held by Anglos
2. I have difficulty accepting some attitudes held by Anglos
3. I have difficulty accepting some behaviors exhibited by Anglos
4. I have difficulty accepting some values held by some Anglos
5. I have difficulty accepting certain practices and customs found in some Anglos
6. I have‚ or think I would have‚ difficulty accepting Anglos as close personal friends
7. I have difficulty accepting ideas held by some Mexicans
8. I have difficulty accepting certain attitudes held by Mexicans
9. I have difficulty accepting some behaviors exhibited by Mexicans
10.I have difficulty accepting some values held by some Mexicans
11.I have difficulty accepting certain practices and customs found in some Mexicans
12.I have‚ or think I would have difficulty accepting Mexicans as close personal friends
13.I have difficulty accepting ideas held by Mexican Americans
14.I have difficulty accepting certain attitudes held by Mexican Americans
15.I have difficulty accepting some behaviors exhibited by Mexican Americans
16.I have difficulty accepting some values help by Mexican Americans
17.I have difficulty accepting certain practices and customs commonly found in Mexican Americans
18.I have‚ or think I would have difficulty accepting Mexican Americans as close personal friends
(a) Language use and preference‚((B) ethnic identity and classification‚ (c) cultural heritage and ethnic behaviors‚ and (d) ethnic interaction.
Coefficient alphas and 1-week test–retest reliabilities for the scales were 0.83/0.94 for Anglo Orientation Scale0.88/ 0.96 for Mexican Orientation Scale‚ 0.87/ 0.78for Marginality Scale‚ 0.90/ 0.72 for Anglo Marginality Subscale‚ .‚68/.‚80 for Mexican Marginality Subscale‚ and .‚91/.‚81 for Mexican American Marginality Subscale
Scale 1: 1 = Not at all; 2 = Very little or not very often; 3 = Moderately; 4 =Much or very often; 5 = Extremely often or almost always
Scale 1;The Anglo Orientation Subscale (AOS) includes 13 items (2‚ 4‚ 7‚ 9‚ 10‚ 13‚ 15‚ 16‚ 19‚ 23‚ 25‚ 27‚ 30) and the Mexican Orientation‚ Subscale (MOS) includes 17 items (1‚ 3‚ 5‚ 6‚ 8‚ 11‚ 12‚ 14‚ 17‚ 18‚ 20‚ 21‚ 22‚24‚ 26‚ 28‚ 29).
Scale 2 includes 18 items and includes three subscales: Anglo Marginality (ANGMAR; items 1–6)‚ Mexican Marginality (MEXMAR; items 7–12)‚ and Mexican American marginality (MAMARG; items 13–18).
Cuellar‚ I.‚ Arnold‚ B.‚ & Maldonado‚ R. (1995). Acculturation rating scale for Mexican Americans-II: A revision of the original ARSMA scale. Hispanic Journal of BehavioralSciences‚ 17‚ 275–304.
Lee‚ R. M.‚ Yoon‚ E.‚ & Liu-Tom‚ H.-T. T. (2006). Structure and measurement of acculturation/enculturation for Asian Americans using the ARSMA-II. Measurement and Evaluationin Counseling and Development‚ 39‚ 42–55.
Davis LE and Engel RJ. Measuring Race and Ethnicity. New York‚ NY: Springer 2011.