Wisdom Index scale (JTWI)

Jeste-Thomas Wisdom Index

(San Diego Wisdom Scale)

These questions are designed to investigate how people of different ages perceive themselves with respect to life experiences and whether or not these perceptions of change as we grow older. Remember, there are no “right” or “wrong” answers and your responses will remain anonymous. Do not rush, but work steadily as we are interested in your first impressions.


Strongly disagree Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly agree


1. I am good at perceiving how others are feeling.
2. I have trouble making decisions.
3. I have a difficult time keeping friendships.
4. Others look to me to help them make choices.
5. I avoid situations where I know my help will be needed.
6. I have trouble thinking clearly when I am upset.
7. There is no existence of the soul after death.
8. Others say I give good advice.
9. I usually make decisions in a timely fashion.
10. I remain calm under pressure.
11. I enjoy learning things about other cultures.
12. I tend to postpone making major decisions as long as I can.
13. I take time to reflect on my thoughts.
14. I would stop a stranger who dropped a twenty-dollar bill to return it.
15. My spiritual belief gives me inner strength.
16. I am okay with others having morals and values other than my own.
17. I am able to recover well from emotional stress.
18. I avoid self-reflection.
19. I would rather someone else make the decision for me if I am uncertain.
20. I treat others the way I would like to be treated.
21. It is important that I understand the reasons for my actions.
22. I feel that we are all connected on a higher level.
23. I generally learn something from every person I meet.
24. I enjoy being exposed to diverse viewpoints.
25. I don’t analyze my own behavior.
26. I often don’t know what to tell people when they come to me for advice.
27. I cannot filter my negative emotions.
28. There is no overall purpose to life.

JesteD. V.LeeE. E.PalmerB. W. and TreichlerE. B. H. (2020a). Moving from humanities to sciences: a new model of wisdom fortified by sciences of neurobiology, medicine, and evolutionPsychological Inquiry31134143. DOI 10.1080/1047840X.2020.1757984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

JesteD. V. et al. (2020b). Study of loneliness and wisdom in 482 middle-aged and oldest-old adults: a comparison between people in CilentoAging & Mental Health2521492159. DOI 10.1080/13607863.2020.1821170.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

JesteD. V. et al. (2021). Is spirituality a component of wisdom? Study of 1,786 adults using expanded San Diego Wisdom Scale (Jeste-Thomas Wisdom Index)Journal of Psychiatric Research132174181. DOI 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.09.033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

JesteD. V. and VahiaI. V. (2008). Comparison of the conceptualization of wisdom in ancient Indian literature with modern views: focus on the Bhagavad GitaPsychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes71197209. DOI 10.1521/psyc.2008.71.3.197.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed