McConnaughy et al. 1983
1. As far as I’m concerned‚ my outlook is optimistic enough and does not need changing.
2. I think I might be ready for some improvement in my optimism.
3. I am doing something about not being very optimistic which had been bothering me.
4. It might be worthwhile to work on my optimism.
5. I’m not the problem one. It doesn’t make sense for me to try to be more optimistic.
6. It worries me that I might slip back to being pessimistic‚ so I would like help to be more optimistic.
7. I am finally doing some work on my optimism.
8. I’ve been thinking that I should be more optimistic.
9. 1 have been successful in working on being more optimistic but I’m not sure I can keep up the effort on my own.
10. At times I am not optimistic enough‚ but I’m working on it.
11. Being here is pretty much a waste of time for me because being more optimistic doesn’t have to do with me.
12. I’m hoping that there is a program that will help me to be more optimistic.
13. I guess I am pessimistic‚ but there’s nothing that I really need to change.
14. I am really working hard to change my pessimistic outlook.
15. I am not optimistic enough and I really think I should work on it.
16. I’m not following through with being more optimistic as well as I had hoped‚ and l’d like to prevent a relapse of being pessimistic.
17. Even though I’m not always successful in changing‚ I am at least working on being more optimistic.
18. I thought once I had tried being less pessimistic I would be free of it‚ but sometimes I still find myself struggling with it.
19. I wish I had more ideas on how to be more optimistic.
20. I have started working on being more optimistic but I would like help.
21. Maybe being more optimistic will be able to help me.
22. I may need a boost right now to help me maintain my optimism.
23. I may be pessimistic‚ but I don’t really think I am.
24. I wish that I could get some information about being more optimistic.
25. Anyone con talk about being more optimistic; I’m actually doing something about it.
26. All this talk about optimism is boring. Why can’t people just forget about being optimistic?
27. I would like to prevent myself from having a relapse of my pessimism.
28. It is frustrating‚ but I feel I might be having a recurrence of pessimism I thought I had resolved.
29. I am pessimistic but so is the next person. Why spend time thinking about it?
30. I am actively working on being more optimistic.
31. I would rather cope with being pessimistic thon try to change it.
32. After all I had done to try to be less pessimistic‚ every now and again it comes back to haunt me
Precontemplation (alpha = .67)‚ contemplation (alpha= .90)‚ action (alpha = 0.86)‚ and maintenance (alpha = .86)
1=Strongly Disagree‚ 2=Moderately Disagree‚ 3=Neither Agree nor Disagree‚ 4=Moderately Agree‚ 5=Strongly Agree
McConnaughy. E.A.‚ DiClemente‚ CC.‚ Prochaska. J.O.‚ & Velicer. W.F.‚ (1989). Stages of change in psychotherapy: A follow-up report. Psychotherapy‚2 6;494-503.
McConnaughy. E.A.‚ Prochaska J.O.‚ & Velicer. W.F.‚ (1983) Stages of change in psychotherapy: Measurement and sample profiles. Psychotherapy : Theory‚ Research and Practice‚ 30;368-375.
Rose. Kristopher J.‚ (1998). Stages of change in dispositional optimism‚ development and evaluation of cognitive-behavioural and psychoeducational approaches to enhance quality of life. University of Western Ontario. master of Arts Dissertation