Sociocultural Adaptation Scale
Ward and Kennedy (1999)
Social Difficulty Scale; Adoption by Wang‚ Wei-hsuan. (2009)
1. Making friends with Americans.
2. Making friends with people from different cultural background (international friends‚ other than Americans).
3. Finding food that you enjoy.
5. Dealing with people in authority.
7. Using the transportation system.
8. Dealing with bureaucracy.
10. Making yourself understood.
11. Seeing things from an American point of view.
12. Going shopping.
14. Going to social gatherings of different cultures.
15. Communicating with people of a different ethnic group.
16. Understanding ethnic or cultural differences.
17. Making a phone call for customer service.
18. Attending religious activities.
19. Understanding the U.S. political system.
20. Dealing with the climate.
21. Understanding the American world view.
22. Getting adapted to the pace of life.
Internal reliability ranging from .84 to .91 (Ward & Kennedy‚ 1999). The Cronbach alpha was α = .93 (Wang‚ 2009).
This instrument can be found online at: https://www.lib.utexas.edu/etd/d/2009/wangw58087/wangw58087.pdf
1 = no difficulty; 2 = slight difficulty; 3 = moderate difficulty; 4 = great difficulty; 5 = extreme difficulty
Ward‚ C.‚ & Kennedy‚ A. (1999). The measurement of sociocultural adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations‚ 18‚ 329-343.