Table of Contents
This measure was developed by Mirels and Garrett (1971). It uses 19 items to describe the extent to which a respondent agrees with the Protestant work ethic. The Protestant work ethic includes regard for diligence about business affairs, not being idle, punctual repayment of credit, being frugal in con sumption, and not letting money lie idle. The Protestant work ethic typically also has been characterized as including emphasis on occupational suc cess, asceticism, and rationality (Furnham, 1990). Mudrack, Mason, and Stepanski (1999) found that the 19 items factored into the three dimensions emphasizing work, asceticism, and anti-leisure.
Coefficient alpha values ranged from .69 to .79 (Cohen, 1995; Furnham, 1990; Mudrack et al., 1999).
The Protestant work ethic correlated positively with organizational and occupational commitment, job and work involvement, and the unacceptability of taking self-benefits from ethically dubious activities at work (Cohen, 1995; Mudrack et al., 1999). The Protestant work ethic correlated negatively with age, education level, a positive view of leisure, and the unacceptability of an organization gaining benefits for ethically dubious activities (Cohen, 1995; Furnham, 1990; Mudrack et al., 1999).
Mirels, H. L., & Garrett, J.B. (1971). The Protestant ethic as a personality variable. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 36, 40-44. Items were talcen from Table 1, p. 41. Copyright© 1971 by the American Psycho logical Association. Reprinted with permission.
Responses are obtained using a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = strongly disagree and 7 = strongly agree.
- Most people spend too much time in unprofitable amusement.
- Our society would have fewer problems if people had less leisure time.
- Money acquired easily, g., through gambling or speculation, is usually spent unwisely.
- There are few satisfactions equal to the realization that one has done his [her] best at a job
- The most difficult college courses usually turn out to be the most rewarding
- Most people who do not succeed in life are just plain lazy
- The self-made man is likely to be more ethical than the man born to wealth
- I often feel I would be more successful if I sacrificed certain pleasures
- People should have more leisure time to spend in relaxation
- Any man who is able and willing to work hard has a good chance of succeeding
- People who fail at a job have usually not tried hard enough
- Life would have very little meaning if we never had to suffer
- Hard work offers little guarantee of success
- The credit card is a ticket to careless spending
- Life would be more meaningful if we had more leisure time
- The person who can approach an unpleasant task with enthusiasm is the person who gets ahead
- If one works hard enough he is likely to make a good life for himself
- I feel uneasy when there is little work for me to do
- A distaste for hard work usually reflects a weakness of character
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Mohammed Looti, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (2023) Protestant Work Ethic scale. Retrieved from https://scales.arabpsychology.com/s/protestant-work-ethic-scale/. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31575.96163