Multigroup Ethnic Identity
- I have spent time trying to find out more about my own ethnic group‚ such as its history‚ traditions‚ andcustoms.
- I am active in organizations or social groups that include mostly members of my own ethnic group.
- I have a clear sense of my ethnic background and what it means for me.
- I like meeting and getting to know people from ethnic groups other than my own.
- I think a lot about how my life will be affected by the ethnic group I belong to.
- I am happy that I am a member of the group I belong to.
- I sometimes feel it would be better if different ethnic groups didn’t try to mix together.
- I am not very clear about the role of my ethnicity in my life.
- I often spend time with people from ethnic groups other than my own.
- I really have not spent much time trying to learn more about the culture and history of my ethnic group.
- I have a strong sense of belonging to my own ethnic group.
- I understand pretty well what my ethnic group membership means to me‚ in terms of how to relate to myown group and other groups.
- In order to learn more about my ethnic background‚ I have often talked to other people about my culture.
- I have a lot of pride in my ethnic group and its accomplishments.
- I don’t try to become friends with people from other ethnic groups.
- I participate in cultural practices of my own group‚ such as special food‚ music‚ or customs.
- I am involved in activities with people from other ethnic groups.
- I feel a strong attachment towards my own ethnic group.
- I enjoy being around people from ethnic groups other than my own.
- I feel good about my cultural or ethnic background.
This assessment measures aspects of ethnic identification‚ ethnic practices‚ and belonging.
Respondents are asked to indicate how they feel about or react to their ethnicity or their ethnic group.
· ethnic identification
· ethnic practices
This instrument can be found on pages 101-102 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at:http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf .
High school and college students (Asian‚ Black‚Hispanic); also pilot tested in middle schools.
Point values are assigned as follows:
Strongly agree = 4
Somewhat agree = 3
Somewhat disagree = 2
Strongly disagree = 1
The total score is derived by reversing the negative items (8 and 10)‚ summing across items‚ and obtaining a mean. Subscales are as follows: Affirmation and Belonging (items 6‚ 11‚ 14‚ 18 and 20)‚ EthnicIdentity Achievement (items 1‚ 3‚ 5‚ 8‚ 10‚ 12 and 13)‚ and Ethnic Behaviors (items 2 and 16). Ahigh scoreindicates a strong level of ethnic identity; a low score indicates a weak level of ethnic identity.
Phinney‚ J. (1992). The Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure: A new scale for use with adolescents and young adults from diverse groups. Journal of Adolescent Research‚ 7‚ 156-176.
Jean S. Phinney‚ Ph.D.
Department of Psychology
California State University‚ Los Angeles
Los Angeles‚ CA 90032-8227
Phone: 323 343-2261
FAX: 323 343-2281
E-mail: [email protected]