Modified Depression Scale

Orpinas‚ 1993
In the last 30 days‚ how often …
1.Were you very sad?
2.Were you grouchy or irritable‚ or in a bad mood?
3. Did you feel hopeless about the future?
4. Did you feel like not eating or eating more than usual?
5. Did you sleep a lot more or a lot less than usual?
6. Did you have difficulty concentrating on your school work?
This scale measures the frequency of depressive symptoms. Respondents are asked to indicate how they have been feeling during the past 30 days.
This instrument can be found on page 90 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at:
Students in grades 10-18.
Point values are assigned as follows:
Never = 1
Seldom = 2
Sometimes = 3
Often = 4
Always = 5
Scores are calculated by summing all responses‚ with a possible range of 6 to 30Higher scores indicate more depressive symptoms.

Orpinas P. Skills training and social influences for violence prevention in middle schools. a curriculum evaluation. Doctoral Dissertation. Houston‚ TX:University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston‚ School of Public Health‚ 1993.