Elliott et al‚ 2004
1. People do not ignore me.
2. When people need help‚ they come to me.
3. No one really needs me.
4. Sometimes‚ I feel almost as if I were invisible.
5. People tend to rely on me for support.
6. My successes are a source of pride to the people in my life.
7. At social gatherings‚ no one recognizes me.
8. No one would notice if one day I disappeared.
9. People are usually aware of my presence.
10.I am not someone people would turn to when they need something.
11.There is no one who really takes pride in my accomplishments.
12.Often‚ people trust me with things that are important to them.
13.People tend not to remember my name.
14.People do not care what happens to me.
15.Much of the time‚ people are indifferent to my needs.
16.It is hard for me to get the attention of other people.
17.Quite a few people look to me for advice on issues of importance.
18.Most people do not seem to notice when I come or go.
19.I have noticed that people will sometimes inconvenience themselves to help me.
20.There are people who react to what happens to me in the same way they would if it happened to them.
21.People generally know when I am around.
22.When I have a problem‚ people usually don’t want to hear about it.
23.There are people who care enough about me to criticize me when I need it.
24.People count on me to be there in times of need.
Awareness (0.83‚ 0.87‚ 0.82)‚ Importance (0.84‚ 0.86‚ 0.8)‚ Reliance (0.83‚ 0.87‚ 0.83)
(1) Strongly Disagree‚ (2) Disagree‚ (3) Neutral‚ (4) Agree‚ (5) Strongly Agree
Items 3‚ 4‚ 7‚ 8‚ 10‚ 11‚ 13‚ 14‚ 15‚ 16‚ 18‚ 22 should be reverse scored.
Awareness = items 1‚ 4‚ 7‚ 9‚ 13‚ 16‚ 18‚ 21
Importance = items 3‚ 6‚ 8‚ 11‚ 14‚ 15‚ 19‚ 20‚ 22‚ 23
Reliance = items 2‚ 5‚ 10‚ 12‚ 17‚ 24
Elliott‚ G.C.‚ Kao‚ S.‚ & Grant‚ A. (2004). Mattering: Empirical validation of a social psychological concept. Self and Identity‚ 3‚ 339-354.
Elliott‚ G. C.‚ Colangelo‚ M.F.‚ Gelles‚ R. J. (2005). Mattering and Suicide Ideation: Establishing and Elaborating a Relationship. Social Psychology Quarterly‚ 68(3): 223-238.
France‚ M.G.‚ Finney‚ S.J.‚ (2009). What Matters in the Measurement of Mattering? A Construct Validity Study. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development‚ 42(4): 104-120.