Hoffman Gender Scale (HGS)

1.    When I am asked to describe myself‚ being male [female] is one of the first things I think of
2.    I am confident in my masculinity [femininity].
3.    I meet my personal standards for masculinity [femininity].
4.    My perception of myself is positively associated with my biological sex.
5.    I am secure in my masculinity [femininity].
6.    I define myself largely in terms of my masculinity [femininity].
7.    My identity is strongly tied to my masculinity [femininity].
8.    I have a high regard for myself as a male [female].
9.    Being a male [female] is a critical part of how I see myself.
10.I am happy with myself as a male [female].
11.I am very comfortable being a male [female].
12.Masculinity [femininity] is an important aspect of my self-concept.
13.My sense of myself as a male [female] is positive.
14.Being a male [female] contributes a great deal to my sense of confidence.
gender self-definition (alpha:women‚0.88‚ men 0.93) and gender self-acceptance (alpha:women‚0.90‚ men 0.80)
1 = strongly disagree‚ 6 = strongly agree

Holahan‚ C. J.‚ & Moos‚ R. H. (1987). Personal and contextual determinants of coping strategies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 52‚ 946-955.

Hoffman‚ R. M.‚ Borders‚ L. D.‚ & Hattie‚ J. A. (2000). Reconceptualizing femininity and masculinity: From gender roles to gender self-confidence. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality‚ 15‚ 475-503.

Hoffman‚ R. M. (2001). The measurement of masculinity and femininity: Historical perspective and implications for counseling. Journal of Counseling & Development‚ 79: 472-485.

Hoffman‚ R. M.‚ Hattie‚ J. A.‚ Borders‚ L. D. (2005). Personal Definitions of Masculinity and Femininity as an Aspect of Gender Self-Concept. Journal of Humanistic Counseling‚ Education and Development‚ 44: 66-83.

Hoffman‚ R. M. (2006). Gender self-definition and gender self-acceptance in women: Intersections with feminist‚ womanist‚ and ethnic identities. Journal of Counseling & Development‚ 84(3): 358-372.

Hoffman‚ R. M. (2006). How is gender self-confidence related to subjective well-being? Journal of Humanistic Counseling‚ Education and Development‚ 45‚ 186-197.

Graves‚ E. .G.‚ (2012). Matters of Resilience: Mattering Relationships and Renegotiated Masculinity in Resilient College Males with Histories of Child Sexual Abuse. University of North Carolina at Greensbord. Ph.D. Dissertations

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