Kastan Children’s Attributional Style Questionnaire – Revised (CASQ-R)

Children’s Version
1. You get an “A” on a test.
A.    I am smart.
B.    I am good in the subject that the test was in.
2. Some kids that you know say that they do not like you.
A.    Once in a while people are mean to me.
B.    Once in a while I am mean to other people.
3. A good friend tells you that he hates you.
A.    My friend was in a bad mood that day.
B.    I wasn’t nice to my friend that day.
4. A person steals money from you.
A.    That person is not honest.
B.    Many people are not honest.
5. Your parents tell you that something that you make is very good.
A.    I am good at making some things.
B.    My parents like some things I make.
6. You break a glass.
A.    I am not careful enough.
B.    Sometimes I am not careful enough.
7. You do a project with a group of kids and it turns out badly.
A.    I don’t work well with the people in that particular group.
B.    I never work well with groups.
8. You make a new friend.
A.    I am a nice person.
B.    The people that I meet are nice.
9. You have been getting along well with your family.
A.    I am usually easy to get along with when I am with my family.
B.    Once in a while I am easy to get along with when I am with my family.
10. You get a bad grade in school.
A.    I am not a good student.
B.    Teachers give hard tests.
11. You walk into a door and you get a bloody nose.
A.    I wasn’t looking where I was going.
B.    I have been careless lately.
12. You have a messy room.
A.    I did not clean my room that day.
B.    I usually do not clean my room.
13. Your mother makes you your favorite dinner.
A.    There are a few things that my mother will do to please me.
B.    My mother usually likes to please me.
14. A team that you are on loses a game‚
A.    The team members don’t help each other when they play together.
B.    That day the team members didn’t help each other.
15. You do not get your chores done at home.
A.    I was lazy that day.
B.    Many days I am lazy.
16. You go to an amusement park and you have a good time.
A.    I usually enjoy myself at amusement parks.
B.    I usually enjoy myself in many activities.
17. You go to a friend’s party and you have fun.
A.    Your friend usually gives good parties.
B.    Your friend gave a good party that day.
18. You have a substitute teacher and she likes you.
A.    I was well behaved during class that day.
B.    I am almost always well behaved during class.
19. You make your friends happy.
A.    I am usually a fun person to be with.
B.    Sometimes I am a fun person to be with.
20. You put a hard puzzle together.
A.    I am good at putting puzzles together.
B.    I am good at doing many things.
21. You try out for a sports team and do not make it.
A.    I am not good at sports.
B.    The other kids who tried out are very good at sports.
22. You fail a test.
A.    All tests are hard.
B.    Only some tests are hard.
23. You hit a home run in a ball game.
A.    I swung the bat just right.
B.    The pitcher threw an easy pitch.
24. You do the best in your class on a paper.
A.    The other kids in my class did
B.    I worked hard on the paper.
Parent Version
1. Your child gets an A on a test
A.    My child is smart.
B.    My child is good in the subject that the lest was in.
2. Some kids that your child knows say that they do not like your child·
A.    Once in a while people are mean to my child.
B.    Once in a while my child is mean to other people.
3. A good friend tells your child that he/she hates your child.
A.    My child’s friend was in a bad mood that day.
B.    My child wasn’t nice to his/ her friend that day.
4. A person steals money from your child.
A.    That person is dishonest.
B.    People are not honest. ·
5. Your praise something that your child makes.
A.    My child is good at making some things.
B.    I like some things my child makes.
6. Your child breaks a glass.
A.    My child is not careful enough.
B.    Sometimes my child is not careful enough.
7. Your child gels a bad grade in school.
A.    My child is not a good student.
B.    Teachers give unfair tests.
8. Your child makes a new friend.
A.    My child is a nice person.
B.    The people that my child meets are nice.
9. Your child has been getting along well with your family.
A.    My child is easy to get along with when with my family
B.    Once in a while my child is easy to get along with when with my family.
10. Your child does a project with a group of kids and it lmily. turns out badl~”
A.    My child doesn’t work well with the people in the group.
B.    My child never works well with a group.
11. Your child walks into a door and gets a bloody nose.
A.    My child wasn’t looking where he/she was going.
B.    My child has been careless lately.
12. Your child has a messy room.
A.    My child did not clean his/her room that day.
B.    My child usually does not clean his/her room.
13. You make your child’s favorite dinner.
A.    There are a few things that I will do to please my child.
B.    I like to please my child.
14. A team that your child is on loses a game.
A.    The team members don’t play well together.
B.    That day the team members didn’t play well together.
15. Your child does not get the chores done at home.
A.    My child was lazy that day.
B.    Many days my child is lazy.
16. Your child goes to an amusement park and has a good time.
A.    My child usually enjoys him/her self at amusement parks.
B.    My child usually enjoys him/her self.
17. Your child goes to a friend’s party and has fun.
A.    My child’s friend gives good parties.
B.    My child’s friend gave a good party that day.
18. Your child has a substitute teacher and he/she likes your child.
A.    My child was well behaved during class that day.
B.    My child is almost always well behaved during class.
19. Your child makes his/her friends happy.
A.    My child is a fun person to be with.
B.    Sometimes my child is a fun person to be with.
20. Your child puts a hard puzzle together.
A.    My child is good at putting puzzles together.
B.    My child is good at doing many things.
21. Your child tries out for a sports team and does not lake it.
A.    My child is not good at sports.
B.    The other kids who tried out are very good at sports.
22. Your child fails a test.
A.    All tests are hard.
B.    Only some tests are hard.
23. Your child hits a home run in a ball game.
A.    My child swung the bat just right.
B.    The pitcher threw an easy pitch.
24. Your child does the best in his/her class on a paper.
A.    The other kids in my child’s class did not work hard on their papers.
B.    My child worked hard on the paper.
 
Internal-External; Stable-Unstable; Global-Specific
 
 

Kaslow‚ N. J.‚ Tanenbaum) R. L.‚ & Seligman‚ M. E. P. (1978). The KASTAN-R: A children’s attributional style questionnaire (KASTAN-R-CASQ). Unpublished manuscript‚ University of Pennsylvania.

Seligman‚ M. E. P.‚ Peterson‚ C.‚ Kaslow‚ N. J.‚ Tanenbaum‚ R. L.‚ Alloy‚ L. B.‚ & Abramson‚ L. Y. (1984). Attributional Style and Depressive Symptoms Among Children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology‚ 93(2)‚ 235-238.

Gladstone‚ T. R. G.‚ & Kaslow‚ N. J. (1995). Depression and attributions in children and adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology‚ 23(5)‚ 597-606. doi:10.1007/bf01447664.

Thompson‚ M.‚ Kaslow‚ N. J.‚ Weiss‚ B.‚ & Nolen-Hoeksema‚ S. (1998). Children’s Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised: Psychometric examination. Psychological Assessment‚ 10(2)‚ 166-170. doi:10.1037//1040-3590.10.2.166

Healey‚ Dione. (2005). Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Creativity: An investigation into their relationship. Dissertation‚ Doctoral dissertation.