Job Interdependence scale


This measure, (Job Interdependence) developed by Pearce and Gregersen (1991), describes the interdependence of a job along two dimensions. The first dimension reflects reciprocal interdependence with other jobs (measured with five items). The second dimension reflects the extent to which an employee works indepen­ dently of other employees to complete their tasks (measured with three items). The two subscales can also be combined into a single measure of job interdependence (Anderson & Williams, 1996).


Coefficient alpha was .76 for interdependence and .61 for independence (Pearce & Gregersen, 1991). Coefficient alpha for the subscales combined into a single measure was .85 (Anderson & Williams, 1996).


Reciprocal interdependence correlated negatively with independence and with the cost of seeking help. Interdependence correlated positively with felt responsibility, help-seeking behavior, and quality of exchange relationship with other workers (Anderson & Williams, 1996; Pearce & Gregersen, 1991). In Anderson and Williams (1996), ratings of interdependence be­ tween pairs of co-workers were positively correlated.


Pearce, J. L., & Gregersen, H.B. (1991). Task interdependence and extra­ role behavior: A test of the mediating effects of felt responsibility. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(6), 838-844. Items were taken from Table 1, p. 841. Copyright © 1991 by the American Psychological Association. Reprinted with permission.


Response are obtained using a Likert-type scale where 1 = strongly disagree and 5 = strongly agree.

Interdependence items: 

  1. I work closely with others in doing my work
  2. I frequently must coordinate my efforts with others
  3. My own performance is dependent on receiving accurate information from others
  4. The way I perform my job has a significant impact on others
  5. My work requires me to consult with others fairly frequently

Independence items:

  1. I work fairly independently of others in my work
  2. I can plan my own work with little need to coordinate with others
  3. I rarely have to obtain information from others to complete my work

This content is licensed under a CC-BY license. The CC-BY licenses grant rights of use the scales in your studies (the measurement instrument and its documentation), but do not replace copyright. This remains with the copyright holder, and you have to cite us as the source.

Mohammed Looti, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (2023) Job Interdependence scale. Retrieved from DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31575.96163